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Export of Environmental Goods: India's Potential and Constraints

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  • Van Son Nguyen
  • Kaliappa Kalirajan

Abstract

The increasing awareness of climate change and its impact on overall economic growth has encouraged many countries to pursue environmental friendly production and consumption of goods and services. Based on their comparative advantages, developing countries too are emerging as exporters of environmental goods and services (EGS) along with developed countries. An important question in this context is whether these emerging EGS exporting developing economies are able to realize their export potential fully. Using data between 1996 and 2010, this paper identifies the constraints that make India, which is one of the emerging EGS exporters, not able to realize its export potential of environmental goods (EG). The empirical results show that the growth of India's exports of EG was negatively affected by its ‘behind the border' constraints, such as weak infrastructure and institutions, while the effect of ‘explicit beyond the border' constraints, such as partner-countries' tariff and exchange rate on the exports of EG was relatively small. The reduction of India's trading partners' ‘implicit beyond the border' constraints, such as weak infrastructure and institutions has made significant contribution to India's exports of EG, especially during the period 2005 – 2010.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by The Australian National University, Australia South Asia Research Centre in its series ASARC Working Papers with number 2013-15.

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Length: 31
Date of creation: 2013
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:pas:asarcc:2013-15

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Keywords: Environmental goods and services; stochastic frontier gravity model; 'behind the border' constraints; 'explicit beyond the border constraints'; 'implicit beyond the border' constraints; Asia-Pacific countries.;

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  1. Imran Ullah Khan & Kaliappa Kalirajan, 2011. "The Impact of Trade Costs on Exports: An Empirical Modelling," ASARC Working Papers 2011-07, The Australian National University, Australia South Asia Research Centre.
  2. James E. Anderson & Eric van Wincoop, 2000. "Gravity with Gravitas: A Solution to the Border Puzzle," Boston College Working Papers in Economics 485, Boston College Department of Economics.
  3. Bergstrand, Jeffrey H, 1989. "The Generalized Gravity Equation, Monopolistic Competition, and the Factor-Proportions Theory in International Trade," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 71(1), pages 143-53, February.
  4. Deardorff, A.V., 1995. "Determinants of Bilateral Trade : Does Gravity Work in a Neoclassical World?," Papers 95-05, Michigan - Center for Research on Economic & Social Theory.
  5. Kaliappa Kalirajan, 2008. "Gravity model specification and estimation: revisited," Applied Economics Letters, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 15(13), pages 1037-1039.
  6. Feenstra, Robert C, 2002. "Border Effects and the Gravity Equation: Consistent Methods for Estimation," Scottish Journal of Political Economy, Scottish Economic Society, vol. 49(5), pages 491-506, December.
  7. Peter Egger & Michael Pfaffermayr, 2003. "The proper panel econometric specification of the gravity equation: A three-way model with bilateral interaction effects," Empirical Economics, Springer, vol. 28(3), pages 571-580, July.
  8. Anderson, James E, 1979. "A Theoretical Foundation for the Gravity Equation," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 69(1), pages 106-16, March.
  9. McCallum, John, 1995. "National Borders Matter: Canada-U.S. Regional Trade Patterns," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 85(3), pages 615-23, June.
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