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Persistent Attitudes and Behaviors

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  • Christoph T. Weiss

    ()
    (University of Padova)

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    Abstract

    This paper estimates the impact of adolescent attitudes and behaviors - academic motivation as assessed by the child herself and behavioral problems as assessed by the mother or the teacher of the child at age 16 - on adult attitudes and behaviors including illegal drugs consumption, smoking, physical and mental health, criminal activity, political participation, self-confidence and opinions about the labor market at age 41. Adolescent attitudes and behaviors are latent variables estimated using a semiparametric item response theory method. Conditional on educational attainment and personal characteristics, I find that individuals with higher academic motivation and lower behavioral problems at age 16 have lower probabilities of having ÔproblematicÕ attitudes and behaviors at age 41. The results are very similar across gender. I also examine the role of family environment in shaping these adolescent attitudes and behaviors. Academic motivation and behavioral problems have a stronger association with parental interest in the education of their children than with measures of the financial situation of the family.

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    File URL: http://economia.unipd.it/sites/decon.unipd.it/files/20110143.pdf
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    Bibliographic Info

    Paper provided by Dipartimento di Scienze Economiche "Marco Fanno" in its series "Marco Fanno" Working Papers with number 0143.

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    Length: 41 pages
    Date of creation: Apr 2012
    Date of revision:
    Handle: RePEc:pad:wpaper:0143

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    Related research

    Keywords: Attitudes; behaviors; item response theory.;

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    1. Joshua Angrist & Victor Lavy & Analia Schlosser, 2010. "Multiple Experiments for the Causal Link between the Quantity and Quality of Children," Journal of Labor Economics, University of Chicago Press, vol. 28(4), pages 773-824, October.
    2. Black, Sandra & Devereux, Paul J. & Salvanes, Kjell G, 2007. "Small Family, Smart Family? Family Size and the IQ Scores of Young Men," CEPR Discussion Papers 6443, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
    3. Flavio Cunha & James Heckman & Susanne Schennach, 2010. "Estimating the Technology of Cognitive and Noncognitive Skill Formation," NBER Working Papers 15664, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    4. Harmon, Colm & Walker, Ian, 2000. "The Returns to the Quantity and Quality of Education: Evidence for Men in England and Wales," Economica, London School of Economics and Political Science, vol. 67(265), pages 19-35, February.
    5. El-Attar, Mayssun & Poschke, Markus, 2010. "Trust and the Choice Between Housing and Financial Assets: Evidence from Spanish Households," IZA Discussion Papers 5246, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
    6. S Black & Paul Devereux & Kjell Salvanes, 2005. "The More the Merrier? The Effect of Family Size and Birth Order on Childrens Education," CEE Discussion Papers 0050, Centre for the Economics of Education, LSE.
    7. Richard Blundell & Lorraine Dearden & Barbara Sianesi, 2005. "Evaluating the effect of education on earnings: models, methods and results from the National Child Development Survey," Journal of the Royal Statistical Society Series A, Royal Statistical Society, vol. 168(3), pages 473-512.
    8. Susanne M. Schennach, 2004. "Estimation of Nonlinear Models with Measurement Error," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 72(1), pages 33-75, 01.
    9. Heckman, James J. & Pinto, Rodrigo & Savelyev, Peter, 2012. "Understanding the Mechanisms Through Which an Influential Early Childhood Program Boosted Adult Outcomes," IZA Discussion Papers 7040, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
    10. Helena Holmlund & Mikael Lindahl & Erik Plug, 2010. "The Causal Effect of Parents' Schooling on Children's Schooling - A Comparison of Estimation Methods," CESifo Working Paper Series 3234, CESifo Group Munich.
    11. Carmit Segal, 2006. "Motivation, test scores and economic success," Economics Working Papers 1124, Department of Economics and Business, Universitat Pompeu Fabra, revised Oct 2008.
    12. Carmit Segal, 2008. "Classroom Behavior," Journal of Human Resources, University of Wisconsin Press, vol. 43(4).
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