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Interpersonal Influence Regarding the Decision to Vote Within Mozambican Households

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  • Ana Silvia de Matos Vas
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    Abstract

    Voter education is crucial to promote voters' participation.� The question that remains is how voter education campaigns can reach a significant part of the population.� During the 2009 Mozambican elections, a field experiment implemented three voter education interventions: the distribution of a free newspaper, the creation of a SMS hotline to report electoral problems, and a civic education campaign.� Based on a sample of untreated individuals living with experimental subjects, this paper examines the diffusion of the interventions' effects within the household.� I find different spillover effects associated with different interventions and interpret that as evidence that different interventions trigger influence at different levels.� I find that the delivery of the newspaper has almost no effect on the other people in the household.� The hotline intervention affects the preferences and behavior of the other individuals, but not their information.� Finally, the civic education campaign only affects the behavior of other people in the household.� This paper shows that the transmission of voter education campaigns' effects does not occur through information sharing, but through sharing of opinions and pressure.� Furthermore, this study provides statistical evidence that social control increases voter turnout.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Paper provided by University of Oxford, Department of Economics in its series Economics Series Working Papers with number WPS/2012-14.

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    Date of creation: 11 Sep 2012
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    Handle: RePEc:oxf:wpaper:wps/2012-14

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    1. Miriam Bruhn & David McKenzie, 2009. "In Pursuit of Balance: Randomization in Practice in Development Field Experiments," American Economic Journal: Applied Economics, American Economic Association, vol. 1(4), pages 200-232, October.
    2. Marcel Fafchamps & Pedro C Vicente, 2009. "Political Violence and Social Networks: Experimental Evidence from a Nigerian Election," CSAE Working Paper Series 2009-14, Centre for the Study of African Economies, University of Oxford.
    3. Paul Collier & Pedro C. Vicente, 2014. "Votes and Violence: Evidence from a Field Experiment in Nigeria," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 124(574), pages F327-F355, 02.
    4. Arne Risa Hole, 2006. "Calculating Murphy-Topel variance estimates in Stata: A simplified procedure," Stata Journal, StataCorp LP, vol. 6(4), pages 521-529, December.
    5. Timothy J. Feddersen, 2004. "Rational Choice Theory and the Paradox of Not Voting," Journal of Economic Perspectives, American Economic Association, vol. 18(1), pages 99-112, Winter.
    6. Arthur, W. Brian & Lane, David A., 1993. "Information contagion," Structural Change and Economic Dynamics, Elsevier, vol. 4(1), pages 81-104, June.
    7. George A. Akerlof, 1997. "Social Distance and Social Decisions," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 65(5), pages 1005-1028, September.
    8. Pedro C. Vicente & Leonard Wantchekon, 2009. "Clientelism and vote buying: lessons from field experiments in African elections," Oxford Review of Economic Policy, Oxford University Press, vol. 25(2), pages 292-305, Summer.
    9. Murphy, Kevin M & Topel, Robert H, 2002. "Estimation and Inference in Two-Step Econometric Models," Journal of Business & Economic Statistics, American Statistical Association, vol. 20(1), pages 88-97, January.
    10. James W. Hardin, 2002. "The robust variance estimator for two-stage models," Stata Journal, StataCorp LP, vol. 2(3), pages 253-266, August.
    11. Gine, Xavier & Mansuri, Ghazala, 2011. "Together we will : experimental evidence on female voting behavior in Pakistan," Policy Research Working Paper Series 5692, The World Bank.
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