Education and the Poverty Trap in Rural China
AbstractThis is an attempt to view the relationships involving education and income as forming a system, and one that can generate a poverty trap.� The setting is rural China, and the data are from a national household survey for 2002, designed with research hypotheses in mind.� Enrolment is high in rural China by comparison with most poor rural societies, but the quality of education varies greatly.� There are three main strands to the paper.� One examines the determinants of enrolment, and finds that poverty has an adverse effect on both the quality and quantity of education - so contributing to a poverty trap.� The second examines the effects of education.� It shows how and why the returns to education vary according to household and community income - so also contributing to a poverty trap.� The third strand brings no fewer than 17 estimated relationships together as a system, and poses the question: can education break the vicious circle of poverty?� The implications for poverty analysis and for educational policy are considered.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by University of Oxford, Department of Economics in its series Economics Series Working Papers with number WPS/2008-02.
Date of creation: 01 Jan 2008
Date of revision:
Education; School Enrolment; Quality of Education; Poverty; Poverty Trap; Vicious Circle; Virtuous Circle; Cumulative Causation; Credit Constraint; China;
Other versions of this item:
- I20 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Education - - - General
- I30 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Welfare and Poverty - - - General
- I32 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Welfare and Poverty - - - Measurement and Analysis of Poverty
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