Risk Sharing Networks among Households in Rural Ethiopia
AbstractWe apply the set up of limited commitment model to empirically test the role of informal risk-sharing ntworks using panel data on informal credit transactions from rural Ethiopia. The empirical estimates provide convincing evidence for the belief that enforcement problem limits the direct role of credit transactions in risk-sharing arrangements between rural households, whether the villages are ethnically homogeneous or not. We also find that households with more land have better access to the informal credit market and access is significantly improved through their participation in small group networks. But the informal credit market and the networks under consideration serve little purpose to the land poor households. These results, therefore, imply that full risk-sharing does not appear to materialize at the village level.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by University of Oxford, Department of Economics in its series Economics Series Working Papers with number WPS/2003-04.
Date of creation: 01 Apr 2003
Date of revision:
Risk-sharing; Limited commitment; Informal credit; Consumption smoothing;
Other versions of this item:
- Daniel Ayalew, 2003. "Risk-sharing networks among households in rural Ethiopia," CSAE Working Paper Series 2003-04, Centre for the Study of African Economies, University of Oxford.
- Daniel Ayalew, 2003. "Risk-Sharing Networks among Households in Rural Ethiopia," Center for Economic Studies - Discussion papers ces0305, Katholieke Universiteit Leuven, Centrum voor Economische Studiën.
- Daniel Ayalew, 2004. "Risk-Sharing Networks among Households in Rural Ethiopia," Development and Comp Systems 0409029, EconWPA.
- D91 - Microeconomics - - Intertemporal Choice - - - Intertemporal Household Choice; Life Cycle Models and Saving
- O12 - Economic Development, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Microeconomic Analyses of Economic Development
- Q12 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Agriculture - - - Micro Analysis of Farm Firms, Farm Households, and Farm Input Markets
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- Bigsten, Arne & Shimeles, Abebe, 2004. "Dynamics of Poverty in Ethiopia," Working Paper Series UNU-WIDER Research Paper , World Institute for Development Economic Research (UNU-WIDER).
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