British Manual Workers: From Producers to Consumers, c. 1950-2000
AbstractA large majority of the labour force were manual workers in 1960.� As voters, they had electoral power to pursue collective goods.� As producers they were able to disrupt production.� The majority left school with no qualifications.� Their human capital consisted of skills specific to particular production processes.� These became obsolete with de-industrialization, and with the large rise in secondary and higher education.� Educated workers relied more on individual bargaining power, and less on collective goods.� Casting workers as consumers rather than citizens or producers punished those with low purchasing power, it de-legitimized producer collective action and justified low wages.� Poverty increased and relative wages fell.� Rising productivity was partly offset by rising house prices and longer household working hours.� Council-house sales enfranchised a minority and penalized the rest.� The majority continued to identify as working class, but their culture was discredited by market liberalism and consumerism.
Download InfoIf you experience problems downloading a file, check if you have the proper application to view it first. In case of further problems read the IDEAS help page. Note that these files are not on the IDEAS site. Please be patient as the files may be large.
Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by University of Oxford, Department of Economics in its series Economics Series Working Papers with number Paper 74.
Date of creation: 01 Dec 2008
Date of revision:
Manual Labour; Human Capital; Skills; Consumerism; Housing Market Liberalism;
Please report citation or reference errors to , or , if you are the registered author of the cited work, log in to your RePEc Author Service profile, click on "citations" and make appropriate adjustments.:
- Wilkinson, Richard G & Pickett, Kate E., 2006. "Income inequality and population health: A review and explanation of the evidence," Social Science & Medicine, Elsevier, vol. 62(7), pages 1768-1784, April.
- Beck, Morris, 1985. "Public Expenditure, Relative Prices, and Resource Allocation," Public Finance = Finances publiques, , vol. 40(1), pages 17-34.
- Alan T. Peacock & Jack Wiseman, 1961. "The Growth of Public Expenditure in the United Kingdom," NBER Books, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc, number peac61-1.
- Michael Anyadike-Danes & Duncan McVicar, 2008. "Has the Boom in Incapacity Benefit Claimant Numbers Passed Its Peak?," Fiscal Studies, Institute for Fiscal Studies, vol. 29(4), pages 415-434, December.
- Baumol, William J, 1982. "Contestable Markets: An Uprising in the Theory of Industry Structure," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 72(1), pages 1-15, March.
- Massimo Florio, 2006. "The Great Divestiture: Evaluating the Welfare Impact of the British Privatizations, 1979-1997," MIT Press Books, The MIT Press, edition 1, volume 1, number 0262562227, January.
- Sue Bowden & Avner Offer, 1994. "Household appliances and the use of time: the United States and Britain since the 1920s," Economic History Review, Economic History Society, vol. 47(4), pages 725-748, November.
- Daniel Kahneman, 2003. "A Psychological Perspective on Economics," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 93(2), pages 162-168, May.
- Cragg, Michael I. & Dyck, I. J., 2000. "Executive Pay and UK Privatization: The Demise of 'One Country, Two Systems'," Journal of Business Research, Elsevier, vol. 47(1), pages 3-18, January.
- Avner Offer, 1997. "Between the gift and the market: the economy of regard," Economic History Review, Economic History Society, vol. 50(3), pages 450-476, 08.
- Avner Offer & Rachel Pechey and Stanley Ulijaszek, 2010. "Obesity under affluence varies by welfare regimes: The effect of fast food, insecurity, and inequality," Economics Series Working Papers Number 82, University of Oxford, Department of Economics.
For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Caroline Wise).
If references are entirely missing, you can add them using this form.