Gateway Cities and Urbanisation in Southeast Asia Before World War II
AbstractBetween the 1870s and World War II, falls in world shipping costs and Western industrialisation gave rise to export-led Southeast Asian growth and specialization in a narrow range of primary commodity exports.� A linked development was the emergence of a few dominant Southeast Asian urban centres, typically primate and always ports.� Drawing on historical census data, this paper uses rank-size distributions and transition matrices to investigate the influence of commodity specialisation and exports on urban systems development in the region.� It is argued that different commodities produced different spread effects, resulting in variation in degrees of urban concentration in the region.� However, geography, path dependence and infrastructrue also shaped urban systems development.� The main cities that emerged during this period became the 'gateways' that connected frontier Southeast Asia to the Global economy,
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by University of Oxford, Department of Economics in its series Economics Series Working Papers with number Number 96.
Date of creation: 03 Feb 2012
Date of revision:
Urbanisation; Gateway cities; Agglomeration effects; Export-led growth; Staple exports; Urban systems; Rank-size distributions; Transition matrices;
Other versions of this item:
- Gregg Huff, 2012. "Gateway cities and urbanisation in southeast asia before world war II," Oxford University Economic and Social History Series _096, Economics Group, Nuffield College, University of Oxford.
- N15 - Economic History - - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics; Industrial Structure; Growth; Fluctuations - - - Asia including Middle East
- N95 - Economic History - - Regional and Urban History - - - Asia including Middle East
- R11 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - General Regional Economics - - - Regional Economic Activity: Growth, Development, Environmental Issues, and Changes
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