Obesity under affluence varies by welfare regimes: The effect of fast food, insecurity, and inequality
AbstractAmong affluent countries, those with market-liberal welfare regimes (which are also English-speaking) tend to have the highest prevalence of obesity.� The impact of cheap, accessible high-energy food is often invoked in explanation.� An alternative approach is that overeating is a response to stress, and that competition, uncertainty and inequality make market-liberal societies more stressful.� This ecological regression meta-study pools 96 body-weight surveys from 11 countries c. 1994-2004.� The fast-food 'shock' impact is found to work most strongly in market liberal countries.� Economic insecurity, measured in several different ways, was almost twice as powerful, while the impact of inequality was weak, and went in the opposite direction.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by University of Oxford, Department of Economics in its series Economics Series Working Papers with number Number 82.
Date of creation: 01 Jul 2010
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