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The role of patent protection in (clean/green) technology transfer

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  • Christian Helmers
  • Bronwyn H. Hall

Abstract

Global climate mitigation will require the development and diffusion of a large number and variety of new technologies.� How will patent protection affect this process?� In this paper we first review the evidence on the role of patents for innovation and international technology transfer in general.� The literature suggests that patent protection in a host country encourages technology transfer to that country but that its impact on innovation and development is much more ambiguous.� We then discuss the implications of these findings and other technology-specific evidence for the diffusion of climate change-related technologies.� We conclude that the "double externality" problem, that is the presence of both environmental and knowledge externalities, implies that IP may not be the ideal and cannot be the only policy instrument to encourage innovation in this area and that the range and variety of green technologies as well as the need for local adaptation of technologies means that patent protection may be neither available nor useful in some settings.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by University of Oxford, Department of Economics in its series Economics Series Working Papers with number CSAE WPS/2010-23.

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Date of creation: 01 Aug 2010
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Handle: RePEc:oxf:wpaper:csae-wps/2010-23

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Keywords: Climate change; intellectual property; innovation; technology transfer;

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Citations

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Cited by:
  1. Bronwyn H. Hall & Christian Helmers, 2011. "Innovation and Diffusion of Clean/Green Technology: Can Patent Commons Help?," NBER Working Papers 16920, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  2. Dutz, Mark A. & Sharma, Siddharth, 2012. "Green growth, technology and innovation," Policy Research Working Paper Series 5932, The World Bank.
  3. David Hendry, 2010. "Climate Change: Lessons for our Future from the Distant Past," Economics Series Working Papers 485, University of Oxford, Department of Economics.
  4. Takeshi Iida & Kenji Takeuchi, 2011. "Does free trade promote environmental technology transfer?," Journal of Economics, Springer, vol. 104(2), pages 159-190, October.
  5. Valentina Bosetti & Elena Verdolini, 2013. "Clean and Dirty International Technology Diffusion," Working Papers 2013.43, Fondazione Eni Enrico Mattei.
  6. Antoine Dechezleprêtre & Richard Perkins & Eric Neumayer, 2012. "Regulatory Distance and the Transfer of New Environmentally Sound Technologies: Evidence from the Automobile Sector," Working Papers 2012.33, Fondazione Eni Enrico Mattei.
  7. Ramona Miron & Simona Gabor, 2012. "Intellectual Property Within The Emerging Renewable Energy Market: A Case Study Of The Eu," CES Working Papers, Centre for European Studies, Alexandru Ioan Cuza University, vol. 4, pages 364-384, September.
  8. Popp, David, 2012. "The role of technological change in green growth," Policy Research Working Paper Series 6239, The World Bank.
  9. Nemet, Gregory F., 2012. "Inter-technology knowledge spillovers for energy technologies," Energy Economics, Elsevier, vol. 34(5), pages 1259-1270.

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