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Parental Education and Child Health - Understanding the Pathways of Impact in Pakistan

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  • Monasa Aslam
  • Geeta Kingdon

Abstract

This study investigates the relationship between parental schooling on the one hand, and child health outcomes (height and weight) and parental health-seeking behaviour (immunisation status of children), on the other.� While establishing a correlational link between parental schooling and child health is relatively straightforward, confirming a causal relationship is more complex.� Using unique data from Pakistan, we aim to understand the mechanisms through which parental schooling promotes better child health and health-seeking behaviour.� The following 'pathways' are investigated: educated parents' greater household income, exposure to media, literacy, labour market participation, health knowledge and the extent of maternal empowerment within the home.� We find that while father's education is positively associated with the 'one-off' immunisation decision, mother's education is more critically associated with longer term health outcomes in OLS equations.� Instrumental variable (IV) estimates suggest that father's health knowledge is most positively associated with immunisation decisions while mother's health knowledge and her empowerment within the home are the channels through which her education impacts her child's height and weight respectively.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by University of Oxford, Department of Economics in its series Economics Series Working Papers with number CSAE WPS/2010-16.

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Date of creation: 01 Jun 2010
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Handle: RePEc:oxf:wpaper:csae-wps/2010-16

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Keywords: Parental schooling; mother's health knowledge; father's health knowledge; media exposure; maternal empowerment; child health; immunisation; Pakistan;

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Cited by:
  1. D. Van De Gaer & J. Vandenbossche & J. L. Figueroa, 2011. "Children’s health opportunities and project evaluation: Mexico’s Oportunidades program," Working Papers of Faculty of Economics and Business Administration, Ghent University, Belgium, Ghent University, Faculty of Economics and Business Administration 11/749, Ghent University, Faculty of Economics and Business Administration.
  2. Bhagowalia, Priya & Menon, Purnima & Quisumbing, Agnes R. & Soundararajan, Vidhya, 2012. "What Dimensions of Women’s Empowerment Matter Most for Child Nutrition? Evidence Using Nationally Representative Data from Bangladesh:," IFPRI discussion papers, International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI) 1192, International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI).
  3. Francesco Burchi, 2012. "Whose education affects a child’s nutritional status? From parents' to household's education," Demographic Research, Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research, Rostock, Germany, vol. 27(23), pages 681-704, November.
  4. Ana Maria Osorio & Catalina Bolancé & Nyovane Madise & Katharina Rathmann, 2013. "Social Determinants of Child Health in Colombia: Can Community Education Moderate the Effect of Family Characteristics?," Working Papers, Xarxa de Referència en Economia Aplicada (XREAP) XREAP2013-02, Xarxa de Referència en Economia Aplicada (XREAP), revised Mar 2013.

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