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The relative effectiveness and costs of contract and regular teachers in India

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  • Paul Atherton and Geeta Kingdon
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    Abstract

    While use of contract teachers provides a low-cost way to increase teacher numbers, it raises the quality concern that these less trained teachers may be less effective.� We estimate the causal contract-teacher effect on student achievement using school fixed effects and value-added models of the education production function, using Indian data.� We allow for both homogenous and heterogeneous treatment effects, to highlight the mechanisms through which the contract teacher effect works.� We also present school fixed effects teacher pay equations and predict achievement marks per Rupee spent on regular and contract teachers.� We find that despite being paid just a third of the salary of regular teachers with similar observed characteristics, contract teachers produce higher student learning.

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    File URL: http://www.csae.ox.ac.uk/workingpapers/pdfs/2010-15text.pdf
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    Bibliographic Info

    Paper provided by University of Oxford, Department of Economics in its series Economics Series Working Papers with number CSAE WPS/2010-15.

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    Date of creation: 01 Jun 2010
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    Handle: RePEc:oxf:wpaper:csae-wps/2010-15

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    Keywords: Student achievement; contract teachers; India;

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    1. Eric A. Hanushek, 2003. "The Failure of Input-Based Schooling Policies," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, Royal Economic Society, vol. 113(485), pages F64-F98, February.
    2. Jean Bourdon & Markus Frölich & Katharina Michaelowa, 2007. "Teacher Shortages, Teacher Contracts and their Impacton Education in Africa," Post-Print, HAL halshs-00150147, HAL.
    3. Karthik Muralidharan & Venkatesh Sundararaman, 2013. "Contract Teachers: Experimental Evidence from India," NBER Working Papers 19440, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    4. Alan B. Krueger, 1999. "Experimental Estimates Of Education Production Functions," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, MIT Press, MIT Press, vol. 114(2), pages 497-532, May.
    5. Michael Kremer & Nazmul Chaudhury & F. Halsey Rogers & Karthik Muralidharan & Jeffrey Hammer, 2005. "Teacher Absence in India: A Snapshot," Journal of the European Economic Association, MIT Press, MIT Press, vol. 3(2-3), pages 658-667, 04/05.
    6. Anne Case & Angus Deaton, 1999. "School Inputs And Educational Outcomes In South Africa," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, MIT Press, MIT Press, vol. 114(3), pages 1047-1084, August.
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    Cited by:
    1. Karthik Muralidharan & Venkatesh Sundararaman, 2013. "Contract Teachers: Experimental Evidence from India," NBER Working Papers 19440, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.

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