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Political Violence and Social Networks: Experimental Evidence from a Nigerian Election

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  • Marcel Fafchamps
  • Pedro C. Vicente

Abstract

Political accountability and participation are taken as key ingredients for development.� In this context voter education and informational campaigns are becoming popular with donors.� We followed a large-scale randomized campaign against electoral violence sponsored by an international NGO during the 2007 Nigerian elections.� Substantial direct effects on perceptions about violence and voting behaviour are reported for this campaign.� This paper is devoted to the assessment of the network effects of this intervention.� Comprehensive measurement of the links between households allows us to estimate reinforcement effects on the treated subjects in campaign locations, and diffusion effects on untreated subjects in campaign locations.� These effects are derived with reference to suitable comparison groups in untreated locations.� We find evidence for both network effects using different estimation techniques.� Namely, we document the importance of kinship and geographical distance in spreading perceptions associated with the campaign.� We do not find clear network effects of behavior.

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Paper provided by University of Oxford, Department of Economics in its series Economics Series Working Papers with number CSAE WPS/2009-14.

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Date of creation: 01 Jul 2009
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Handle: RePEc:oxf:wpaper:csae-wps/2009-14

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  1. Gordon Dahl & Stefano DellaVigna, 2007. "Does Movie Violence Increase Violent Crime?," Levine's Working Paper Archive 122247000000001778, David K. Levine.
  2. Leonard Wantchekon, 2003. "Clientelism and voting behavior: Evidence from a field experiment in benin," Natural Field Experiments 00339, The Field Experiments Website.
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Cited by:
  1. Achyuta Adhvaryu & James Fenske, 2014. "Conflict and the Formation of Political Beliefs in Africa," HiCN Working Papers 164, Households in Conflict Network.
  2. Christian Helmers & Manasa Patnam, 2011. "Does the rotten child spoil his companion?: spatial peer effects among children in rural india," LSE Research Online Documents on Economics 33558, London School of Economics and Political Science, LSE Library.
  3. Finkel, Steven E., 2013. "The impact of adult civic education programmes in developing democracies," Working Paper Series UNU-WIDER Research Paper , World Institute for Development Economic Research (UNU-WIDER).
  4. Andrea Colombo & Olivia D'Aoust & Olivier Sterck, 2014. "From Rebellion to Electoral Violence. Evidence from Burundi," Working Papers ECARES ECARES 2014-33, ULB -- Universite Libre de Bruxelles.
  5. Ana Sílvia de Matos Vaz, 2012. "Interpersonal Influence Regarding the Decision to Vote Within Mozambican Households," CSAE Working Paper Series 2012-14, Centre for the Study of African Economies, University of Oxford.
  6. Ana Silvia de Matos Vas, 2012. "Interpersonal Influence Regarding the Decision to Vote Within Mozambican Households," Economics Series Working Papers WPS/2012-14, University of Oxford, Department of Economics.

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