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Testing Unilateral and Bilateral Link Formation

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  • Marcel Fafchamps
  • Margherita Comola

Abstract

The literature has shown that network architecture depends crucially on whether links are formed unilaterally or bilaterally, that is, on whether the consent of both nodes is required for a link to be formed.� We propose a test of whether network data is best seen as an actual link or willingness to link and, in the latter case, whether this link is generated by an unilateral or bilateral link formation process.� We illustrate this test using survey answers to a risk-sharing question in Tanzania.� We find that the bilateral link formation model fits the data better than the unilateral model, but the data are best interpreted as willingness to link rather than an actual link.� We then expand the model to include self-censoring and find that models with self-censoring fit the data best.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by University of Oxford, Department of Economics in its series Economics Series Working Papers with number CSAE WPS/2009-13.

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Date of creation: 01 Jul 2009
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Handle: RePEc:oxf:wpaper:csae-wps/2009-13

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Keywords: Network architecture; Pairwise stability; Risk sharing;

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References

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  1. Marcel Fafchamps & Flore Gubert, 2005. "The Formation of Risk Sharing Networks," Working Papers DT/2005/13, DIAL (Développement, Institutions et Mondialisation).
  2. Conley, T. G., 1999. "GMM estimation with cross sectional dependence," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 92(1), pages 1-45, September.
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Cited by:
  1. Yann Bramoullé & Bernard Fortin, 2009. "The Econometrics of Social Networks," Cahiers de recherche 0913, CIRPEE.
  2. Joost Vandenbossche & Thomas Demuynck, 2013. "Network Formation with Heterogeneous Agents and Absolute Friction," Computational Economics, Society for Computational Economics, vol. 42(1), pages 23-45, June.
  3. Marcel Fafchamps & Margherita Comola, 2010. "Are Gifts and Loans between Households Voluntary?," Economics Series Working Papers CSAE WPS/2010-20, University of Oxford, Department of Economics.
  4. repec:hal:wpaper:halshs-00585968 is not listed on IDEAS
  5. Comola, Margherita & Mendola, Mariapia, 2014. "The Formation of Migrant Networks," IZA Discussion Papers 7981, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  6. Landmann, Andreas & Vollan, Björn & Frölich, Markus, 2011. "Saving, Microinsurance: Why You Should Do Both or Nothing. A Behavioral Experiment on the Philippines," Proceedings of the German Development Economics Conference, Berlin 2011 51, Verein für Socialpolitik, Research Committee Development Economics.
  7. repec:hal:wpaper:halshs-00564894 is not listed on IDEAS

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