Gender patterns in household health expenditure allocation: A study of South Africa
AbstractThis paper explores the extent and nature of gender differences, by age, in household health expenditure allocation.� Using South African data, we adopt a hurdle methodology, constructing a sequence of decision stages (reporting sickness, consulting medical practitioner, incurring positive medical expenditure, and the conditional amount of expenditure) in order to examine all these possible channels of gender differentiation.� Our results provide evidence of significant pro-female bias among prime age persons (ages 16-40) after controlling for gender differences in the opportunity cost of time spent on seeking medical attention.� We infer that expenditure on female health if viewed as an important investment in household welfare in light of women's contribution to household production, particularly over child bearing/rearing ages.� This provides an alternative narrative to the 'investment motive' hypothesis traditionally employed to explain differential allocation of resources to males and females within the household.� We also compare the relative explanatory power of household and individual level equations in revealing intra-household gender bias.� Our findings suggest that the dimensions of gender differentiation are revealed more clearly in individual level regressions.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by University of Oxford, Department of Economics in its series Economics Series Working Papers with number CSAE WPS/2008-32.
Date of creation: 01 Oct 2008
Date of revision:
Health Expenditure; Gender Bias; Hurdle Models; South Africa;
Find related papers by JEL classification:
- I31 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Welfare, Well-Being, and Poverty - - - General Welfare, Well-Being
- I38 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Welfare, Well-Being, and Poverty - - - Government Programs; Provision and Effects of Welfare Programs
Please report citation or reference errors to , or , if you are the registered author of the cited work, log in to your RePEc Author Service profile, click on "citations" and make appropriate adjustments.:
- Lata Gangadharan & Pushkar Maitra, 2003.
"Testing for Son Preference in South Africa,"
Journal of African Economies,
Centre for the Study of African Economies (CSAE), vol. 12(3), pages 371-416, September.
- Lata Gangadharan & Pushkar Maitra, 2000. "Testing for Son Preference in South Africa," Econometric Society World Congress 2000 Contributed Papers 0072, Econometric Society.
- Gangadharan, L. & Maitra, P., 1999. "Testing for Son Preference in South Africa," Department of Economics - Working Papers Series 724, The University of Melbourne.
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