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The Effect of Labor and Financial Frictions on Aggregate Fluctuations

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  • Francesco Zanetti
  • Haroon Mumtaz

Abstract

This paper embeds labor market search frictions into a New Keynesian model with financial frictions as in Bernanke, Gertler and Gilchrist (1999).� The econometric estimation establishes that labor market frictions substantially improve the empirical fit of the model.� The effect of the interaction between labor and financial frictions on aggregate fluctuations depends on the nature of the shock.� For monetary policy, technology and entrepreneurial wealth shocks, labor market frictions amplify the effect of financial frictions since robust changes in hiring lead to persistent movements in employment and the return on capital that reinforce the original effect of financial frictions.� For cost-push, labor supply, marginal efficiency of investment and preference shocks, labor market frictions dampen the effect of financial frictions by reducing the real cost of repaying existing debt that lowers the exernal finance premium.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by University of Oxford, Department of Economics in its series Economics Series Working Papers with number 690.

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Date of creation: 24 Dec 2013
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Handle: RePEc:oxf:wpaper:690

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Keywords: Financial frictions; search and matching frictions; New Keynesian model;

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