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Science, Technology, Innovation and IP in India - New Directions and Prospects

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  • Christine Greenhalgh

Abstract

This paper begins by surveying recent economic studies of the relationships between technology transfer, intellectual property, innovation and diffusion in emerging countries.� It applies this literature to the Indian case.� India� is a potentially useful case study for several reasons.� India has recently been experiencing rapid growth and has several high technology sectors staffed by an absolutely large and highly educated middle class.� At the same time an even larger share of its very big population is still working in low productivity agriculture and many of these people are living in extreme poverty. To reduce poverty and improve agricultural productivity India will need to create jobs in labour intensive production and distribution sectors to employ its vast army of unskillled workers.� The second part of the paper outlines how industry structure and innovative performance have been progressing in India following the economic reforms of the early 90s and the changes to intellectual property law occasioned by the TRIPS agreement and membership of the World Trade Organisation. In the third section the focus turns to recent science, technology and innovation policy in India.� A study of the country's potential for innovation by the World Bank in 2007 argued that India must proceed on two fronts.� In addition to considering how India's growth prospects can be enhanced by world leading innovations, this volume placed great emphasis on inclusive innovation.� This may involve mainly the diffusion and absorption of existing knowledge, but is designed to improve the lot of the poor.� The World Bank report proposed a number of new policy directions aimed at speeding up innovation and technology diffusion in India.� We attempt to record what changes have been made to innovation policy, foreign direct investment policy and diffusion policy in India in recent years and assess whether these are likely to be effective.

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Paper provided by University of Oxford, Department of Economics in its series Economics Series Working Papers with number 660.

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Date of creation: 26 Jun 2013
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Handle: RePEc:oxf:wpaper:660

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Keywords: Innovation; intellectual property; science policy; innovation policy; TRIPS;

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  1. Gaétan de Rassenfosse & Hélène Dernis & Dominique Guellec & Lucio Picci & Bruno van Pottelsberghe de la Potterie, 2012. "The Worldwide Count of Priority Patents: A New Indicator of Inventive Activity," Melbourne Institute Working Paper Series wp2012n23, Melbourne Institute of Applied Economic and Social Research, The University of Melbourne.
  2. Laura Alfaro & Anusha Chari, 2012. "Deregulation, Misallocation, and Size: Evidence from India," Harvard Business School Working Papers 13-056, Harvard Business School, revised Feb 2014.
  3. Park, Walter G., 2008. "International patent protection: 1960-2005," Research Policy, Elsevier, vol. 37(4), pages 761-766, May.
  4. Panagariya, Arvind, 2008. "India: The Emerging Giant," OUP Catalogue, Oxford University Press, number 9780195315035, September.
  5. Clark Don P. & Highfill Jannett & de Oliveira Campino Jonas & Rehman Scheherazade S., 2011. "FDI, Technology Spillovers, Growth, and Income Inequality: A Selective Survey," Global Economy Journal, De Gruyter, vol. 11(2), pages 1-44, July.
  6. Sunil Kanwar, 2012. "The Location of Overseas Research and Development and Intellectual Property Protection," Journal of Development Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 48(10), pages 1453-1469, October.
  7. Sunil Kanwar, 2012. "Intellectual Property Protection and Technology Licensing: The Case of Developing Countries," Journal of Law and Economics, University of Chicago Press, vol. 55(3), pages 539 - 564.
  8. Chen, Yongmin & Puttitanun, Thitima, 2005. "Intellectual property rights and innovation in developing countries," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 78(2), pages 474-493, December.
  9. Mark A. Dutz, 2007. "Unleashing India's Innovation : Toward Sustainable and Inclusive Growth," World Bank Publications, The World Bank, number 6856, August.
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