Development and� Religious Polarization: The Emergence of Reform and Ultra-Orthodox Judaism
AbstractJewish emancipation in nineteenth century Europe produced drastically different responses.� In Germany, a liberal variant known as Reform developed, while ultra-Orthodox Judaism emerged in eastern Europe.� We develop a model of religious organization which explains this polarization.� In developed regions, religious authorities embrace the prospect of cultural integration by relaxing probhibitions and benfitting from greater financial contributions.� In poorer regions, religious authorities adopt a strategy of cultural resistance, enforcing prohibitions to elicit greater contributions of effort.� In regions of intermediate development, religious schisms and cycles occur.� This analytic narrative sheds light on how economic development can lead to cultural change.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by University of Oxford, Department of Economics in its series Economics Series Working Papers with number 560.
Date of creation: 01 Jul 2011
Date of revision:
Club goods; Religious polarization; Community; Jewish emancipation;
Other versions of this item:
- Mark Koyama & Jean-Paul Carvalho, . "Development and Religious Polarization: The Emergence of Reform and Ultra-Orthodox Judaism," Discussion Papers 11/11, Department of Economics, University of York.
- D23 - Microeconomics - - Production and Organizations - - - Organizational Behavior; Transaction Costs; Property Rights
- N33 - Economic History - - Labor and Consumers, Demography, Education, Health, Welfare, Income, Wealth, Religion, and Philanthropy - - - Europe: Pre-1913
- Z12 - Other Special Topics - - Cultural Economics - - - Religion
- J24 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Human Capital; Skills; Occupational Choice; Labor Productivity
This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:
- NEP-ALL-2011-07-27 (All new papers)
- NEP-EVO-2011-07-27 (Evolutionary Economics)
- NEP-HIS-2011-07-27 (Business, Economic & Financial History)
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