Towns (and Villages); Definitions and Implications in a Historical Setting
AbstractUrbanization has been extensively used as a proxy for economic activity.� The urban status of settlements is usually determined by an ad hoc population size household.� This paper proposes�a new threshold, taking into account the effect of local agricultural endowments.� The new population threshold is a population size, such that for smaller settlements these endowments influence their size, while for larger they do not.� This results in an endogeneous, data based threshold.� The idea is practically shown for Saxony in the 19th century.� The relevance of a different classification is demonstrated in four particular examples, the development of urbanization over time, Gibrat's law, the impact of geography on town locations and the spatial relationship between towns and villages.� The resulst demonstrate that the underlying classification scheme matters for the conclusions drawn from urban data.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by University of Oxford, Department of Economics in its series Economics Series Working Papers with number 536.
Date of creation: 01 Feb 2011
Date of revision:
Towns; Villages; Geography; Definition; Classification; Town size;
Find related papers by JEL classification:
- N93 - Economic History - - Regional and Urban History - - - Europe: Pre-1913
- B49 - Schools of Economic Thought and Methodology - - Economic Methodology - - - Other
- O13 - Economic Development, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Agriculture; Natural Resources; Environment; Other Primary Products
- R12 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - General Regional Economics - - - Size and Spatial Distributions of Regional Economic Activity; Interregional Trade (economic geography)
This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:
- NEP-ALL-2011-03-12 (All new papers)
- NEP-GEO-2011-03-12 (Economic Geography)
- NEP-HIS-2011-03-12 (Business, Economic & Financial History)
- NEP-URE-2011-03-12 (Urban & Real Estate Economics)
Please report citation or reference errors to , or , if you are the registered author of the cited work, log in to your RePEc Author Service profile, click on "citations" and make appropriate adjustments.:
- Ploeckl, Florian, 2008.
"Borders, Market Size and Urban Growth, The Case of Saxon Towns and the Zollverein in the 19th Century,"
55, Yale University, Department of Economics.
- Florian Ploeckl, 2008. "Borders, Market Size and Urban Growth, The Case of Saxon Towns and the Zollverein in the 19th Century," Working Papers 966, Economic Growth Center, Yale University.
- Ploeckl, Florian, 2012. "Endowments and market access; the size of towns in historical perspective: Saxony, 1550–1834," Regional Science and Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 42(4), pages 607-618.
- Hornung, Erik, 2012.
"Railroads and Micro-regional Growth in Prussia,"
CAGE Online Working Paper Series
79, Competitive Advantage in the Global Economy (CAGE).
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