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Transport Costs and International Trade

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  • Tony Venables
  • Alberto Behar

Abstract

The first issue we study is the impact of transport costs on the volume and nature of international trade.� To what extent has the rise in international trade been driven by changes in transport costs?� Why is cross-country and cross-regional experience so different?� Transport costs also influence modal choice, the commodity composition of trade and the organisation of production, particularly as 'just-in-time' methods get extended to the global level.� In turn, these new production methods are placing increasing demands on the transport system.� The second issue is the determinants of international transport costs.� There is enormous cross-country variation in transport costs and in trade costs more generally.� To what extent are these determined by geography, infrastructure deficiencies or institutional barriers?� Through time, the evidence is that transport costs have not fallen as much as many people might expect.� We explore this paradox.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by University of Oxford, Department of Economics in its series Economics Series Working Papers with number 488.

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Date of creation: 01 Jun 2010
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Handle: RePEc:oxf:wpaper:488

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Keywords: Trade costs; Gravity equation; Trade infrastructure; Trade facilitation;

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Cited by:
  1. Alberto Behar & Philip Manners & Benjamin D. Nelson, 2013. "Exports and International Logistics," Oxford Bulletin of Economics and Statistics, Department of Economics, University of Oxford, vol. 75(6), pages 855-886, December.
  2. Alberto Behar & Benjamin D. Nelson, 2009. "Trade Flows, Multilateral Resistance and Firm Heterogeneity," Economics Series Working Papers 440, University of Oxford, Department of Economics.
  3. Tim Besley & Thiemo Fetzer & Hannes Mueller, 2012. "One Kind of Lawlessness: Estimating the Welfare Cost of Somali Piracy," Working Papers 626, Barcelona Graduate School of Economics.
  4. Duranton, Gilles & Morrow, Peter & Turner, Matthew A, 2013. "Roads and Trade: Evidence from the US," CEPR Discussion Papers 9393, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  5. Del Rosal Fernández, Ignacio, 2013. "Las condiciones de entrega en el comercio exterior español /Terms of Delivery in the Spanish International Trade," Estudios de Economía Aplicada, Estudios de Economía Aplicada, vol. 31, pages 249 (24pags, Enero.
  6. Rosa Puertas & Luisa Martí & Leandro García, 2014. "Logistics performance and export competitiveness: European experience," Empirica, Springer, vol. 41(3), pages 467-480, August.

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