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Educational Disparity in East and West Pakistan, 1947-71: Was East Pakistan Discriminated Against?

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  • Mohammad Niaz Asadullah

Abstract

This paper documents the regional divide in educational facilities between East Pakistan (now Bangladesh) and West Pakistan between 1947 and 1971. During this period, the total number of primary schools in East Pakistan declined, leading to overcrowding of existing schools and classrooms. On the other hand, despite being endowed with fewer schools, West Pakistan surpassed East Pakistan in the total number of primary schools, and in teacher-student ratios. This evident educational disparity, we argue, cannot be attributed to regional differences in school age population, school types, the quality and unit cost of schooling. Rather, this problem is examined in terms of the hypothesis of `discrimination` as an alternate explanation.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by University of Oxford, Department of Economics in its series Economics Series Working Papers with number 2006-W63.

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Date of creation: 01 Jul 2006
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Handle: RePEc:oxf:wpaper:2006-w63

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Keywords: Economic History; Federalism; Bangladesh; Pakistan;

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