Les enjeux de la politique energetique canadienne des annees quatre-vingts
AbstractThe first half of the 1980s was marked by bitter federal-provincial conflicts over the distribution of energy revenues. It is often argued that the introduction of the National Energy Program in October 1980 ushered in a period where the federal government's vision of an equitable distribution of energy revenues was paramount. OnIy with the Western Accord of March 1985, the argument goes, did the views propounded by the governments of the producing provinces gain ascendency. This paper suggests that such an argument ignores the role played by fiscal equalization. Once equalization is taken into consideration, it is clear that the switch from the federal vision of energy resources as a "national heritage" to the "provincial rights" approach proposed by the producing provinces had occurred by mid-1982. The federal government's attempts to bring about a more pronounced redistribution of the benefits generated by the exploitation of oil and gas reserves are thus shown to have been abandoned prior to the signing of the Western Accord. De virulents conflits concernant la distribution des bÃ©nÃ©fices gÃ©nÃ©rÃ©s par lâexploitation et la mise en marchÃ© du pÃ©trole et du gaz naturel ont opposÃ© le fÃ©dÃ©ral aux gouvernements des provinces productrices durant la premiÃ¨re moitiÃ© des annÃ©es quatre-vingt. Cet article dÃ©crit les principaux mÃ©canismes redistributifs utilisÃ©s par le fÃ©dÃ©ral (le contrÃ´le des prix, la fiscalitÃ© et la pÃ©rÃ©quation). Il en ressort que lâeffort redistributif entrepris par le Programme Ã©nergÃ©tique national dâoctobre 1980 a Ã©tÃ© de courte durÃ©e. En effet, il est dÃ©montrÃ© que le gouvernement fÃ©dÃ©ral avait fait marche arriÃ¨re sur tous les fronts avant la fin du premier semestre de 1982, bien avant de conclure, avec les provinces productrices, lâAccord de lâouest en mars 1985.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by University of Ottawa, Department of Economics in its series Working Papers with number 9005.
Length: 29 pages
Date of creation: 1990
Date of revision:
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government ; policy making ; prices ; fiscal policy;
Other versions of this item:
- Plourde, André, 1990. "Les enjeux de la politique énergétique canadienne des années quatre-vingt," L'Actualité Economique, Société Canadienne de Science Economique, vol. 66(4), pages 381-402, dÃ©cembre.
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