Endogenous Women's Autonomy and the Use of Reproductive Health Services: Empirical Evidence from Tajikistan
AbstractThough gender equity is widely considered to be a key to improving maternal health in developing countries, little empirical evidence has been presented to support this claim. This paper investigates whether or not and how female autonomy within the household affects women's use of reproductive health care in Tajikistan, where the situation of maternal health and gender equity is worse compared with neighbouring countries. Estimation is performed using bivariate probit models in which woman's use of health services and the level of female autonomy are recursively and simultaneously determined. Empirical results reveal that female autonomy measured by women's decision-making on child wellbeing and on economic affairs within the household increases the probability of receiving both antenatal and delivery care. Policymakers need to address women's empowerment in the household in addition to implementing direct health interventions towards improvement of maternal health.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by Osaka School of International Public Policy, Osaka University in its series OSIPP Discussion Paper with number 10E010.
Length: 37 pages
Date of creation: Dec 2010
Date of revision:
Female autonomy; Antenatal care; Delivery care; Reproductive health services; Tajikistan; Bivariate probit model;
Find related papers by JEL classification:
- J12 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Marriage; Marital Dissolution; Family Structure
- J13 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Fertility; Family Planning; Child Care; Children; Youth
- J16 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Economics of Gender; Non-labor Discrimination
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