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The Rising Share of Nonmarital Births: Fertility Choices or Marriage Behavior?

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Author Info

  • Jo Anna Gray

    ()
    (University of Oregon Economics Department)

  • Jean Stockard

    ()
    (University of Oregon Department of Planning, Public Policy, and Management)

  • Joe Stone

    ()
    (University of Oregon Economics Department)

Abstract

Much of the sharp rise in the share of nonmarital births in the United States has been attributed to changes in the fertility choices of unmarried and married women - in response, it is often argued, to various public policies. In contrast, we develop and test a model that attributes the rise to changes in marriage behavior, with no changes in fertility. A variety of empirical tests strongly supports this conclusion and invites focused attention to issues related to marriage behavior, as well as the interactions between marriage and fertility.

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File URL: http://economics.uoregon.edu/papers/UO-2004-17_Gray_Rising_Share.pdf
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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by University of Oregon Economics Department in its series University of Oregon Economics Department Working Papers with number 2004-17.

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Length: 33
Date of creation: 01 Nov 2004
Date of revision: 01 Nov 2005
Handle: RePEc:ore:uoecwp:2004-17

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Web page: http://economics.uoregon.edu/
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Keywords: fertility; illegitimacy ratio; marriage; nonmarital fertility ratio; nonmarital births;

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References

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  1. Jeff Grogger & Stephen G. Bronars, 2001. "The Effect of Welfare Payments on the Marriage and Fertility Behavior of Unwed Mothers: Results from a Twins Experiment," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 109(3), pages 529-545, June.
  2. Robert A. Moffitt, 2000. "Welfare Benefits and Female Headship in U.S. Time Series," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 90(2), pages 373-377, May.
  3. Herbert Smith & Phillips Cutright, 1988. "Thinking about change in illegitimacy ratios: United States, 1963–1983," Demography, Springer, vol. 25(2), pages 235-247, May.
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Cited by:
  1. Brienna Perelli-Harris & Michaela Kreyenfeld & Wendy Sigle-Rushton & Renske Keizer & Trude Lappegård & Aiva Jasilioniene & Caroline Berghammer & Paola Di Giulio & Katja Köppen, 2009. "The increase in fertility in cohabitation across Europe: examining the intersection between union status and childbearing," MPIDR Working Papers WP-2009-021, Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research, Rostock, Germany.
  2. Stone, Joe A., 2012. "The black-white gap in non marital fertility education and mates in segmented marriage markets," MPRA Paper 35763, University Library of Munich, Germany.

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