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Revision of the High-Technology Sector and Product Classification

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  • Thomas Hatzichronoglou
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    Abstract

    This paper describes the methods used to classify the OECD countries’ industrial sectors and manufactures by level of technology, and presents the resulting classifications. In the proposed new classification by industrial sector, the concept of technology intensity has been expanded to take into account both the level of technology specific to the sector (measured by the ratio of R&D expenditure to value added) and the technology embodied in purchases of intermediate and capital goods. Four groups of industries have been identified on the basis of the degree of technology intensity. The classification by product consists solely of high-technology products (products which are the most technology-intensive). The classification was drawn up by the OECD Secretariat in collaboration with Eurostat, the object being to finalise the approach by sector and provide a more appropriate instrument for analysing international trade. Because no detailed data were available for services, the two ... Révision des classifications des secteurs et des produits de haute technologie Ce document expose les méthodes pour classer les secteurs industriels et les produits manufacturés des pays de l’OCDE selon leur intensité technologique et présente les classifications qui en résultent. Dans la nouvelle classification proposée par secteur industriel, la notion d’intensité technologique a été élargie pour tenir compte à la fois de l’effort technologique propre au secteur (mesuré par le ratio des dépenses de R-D sur la valeur ajoutée) et de la technologie incorporée dans les achats de biens intermédiaires et d’équipement. Quatre groupes d’industries ont été identifiés en fonction du niveau de leur intensité technologique. La classification par produit se réfère exclusivement aux produits de haute technologie (produits dont l’intensité technologique est la plus élevée). Cette classification a été élaborée par le Secrétariat de l’OCDE en coopération avec Eurostat, afin de compléter l’approche par secteur et fournir un instrument plus approprié pour l’analyse des ...

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    File URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/134337307632
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    Bibliographic Info

    Paper provided by OECD Publishing in its series OECD Science, Technology and Industry Working Papers with number 1997/2.

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    Date of creation: 1997
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    Handle: RePEc:oec:stiaaa:1997/2-en

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