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Embodied Technology Diffusion: An Empirical Analysis for 10 OECD Countries

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  • George Papaconstantinou
  • Norihisa Sakurai
  • Andrew Wyckoff
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    Abstract

    This paper examines the process of embodied technology diffusion in 10 OECD countries with the help of a methodology whereby the purchases of intermediate and capital goods act as carriers of technology across industries and countries. In terms of supply and demand of technology, it establishes that while innovations are developed mainly in a cluster of high technology manufacturing industries, a different cluster of industries in the services sector are the main acquirers of technologically sophisticated machinery and equipment. R&D performance is more concentrated (the top 5 industries account for between 60-80% of total) than technology use (the top 5 user industries account in most countries for 40-50% of total). In terms of the channels of technology diffusion, the share of technology obtained through capital investment is less than 50% of total acquired technology for every country, with the US leading in the diffusion of technology through capital investment. Imports are also an ... Ce document examine le processus de diffusion de la technologie incorporée dans 10 pays de l’OCDE, à l’aide d’une méthode voulant que les achats de biens intermédiaires et de biens d’équipement constituent le vecteur des transferts de technologies entre branches et entre pays. Sur le plan de l’offre et de la demande de technologie, il en résulte que les innovations sont le fait principalement d’un groupe d’industries manufacturières de haute technologie, et que les principaux acquéreurs de machines et équipements technologiquement complexes appartiennent à un autre groupe d’industries, du secteur des services. La production de R-D est donc plus concentrée (le quintile supérieur représentant 60 à 80 % du total) que l’utilisation des technologies (dont 40 à 50 % sont imputables aux 5 premières industries utilisatrices dans la plupart des pays). Pour ce qui est des canaux de diffusion, moins de 50 % des technologies acquises dans chaque pays proviennent d’un investissement en ...

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    File URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/686654085563
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    Bibliographic Info

    Paper provided by OECD Publishing in its series OECD Science, Technology and Industry Working Papers with number 1996/1.

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    Date of creation: 1996
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    Handle: RePEc:oec:stiaaa:1996/1-en

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    Cited by:
    1. Andersen, Poul Houman, 1999. "Organizing international technological collaboration in subcontractor relationships: an investigation of the knowledge-stickiness problem," Research Policy, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 28(6), pages 625-642, August.
    2. Van Ark, B. & de Haan, J., 1997. "The Delta Model Revisited: Recent Trends in the Structural Performance of the Dutch Economy ," Papers, Groningen State, Institute of Economic Research- 38, Groningen State, Institute of Economic Research-.
    3. Evangelista, Rinaldo & Lucchese, Matteo & Meliciani, Valentina, 2013. "Business services, innovation and sectoral growth," Structural Change and Economic Dynamics, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 25(C), pages 119-132.
    4. Lu�sa Carvalho & Teresa Costa & Jorge Caiado, 2013. "Determinants of innovation in a small open economy: a multidimensional perspective," Journal of Business Economics and Management, Taylor & Francis Journals, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 14(3), pages 583-600, June.
    5. Christoph Meister & Bart Verspagen, 2005. "European Productivity Gaps Is R&D the Solution?," DRUID Working Papers, DRUID, Copenhagen Business School, Department of Industrial Economics and Strategy/Aalborg University, Department of Business Studies 05-06, DRUID, Copenhagen Business School, Department of Industrial Economics and Strategy/Aalborg University, Department of Business Studies.
    6. Gernot Hutschenreiter & Serguei Kaniovski, 1999. "Technology Flows in the Austrian Economy," Austrian Economic Quarterly, WIFO, vol. 4(3), pages 181-194, July.
    7. Beckstead, Desmond & Gellatly, Guy & Baldwin, John R., 2005. "Canada's Investments in Science and Innovation: Is the Existing Concept of Research and Development Sufficient?," Economic Analysis (EA) Research Paper Series 2005032e, Statistics Canada, Analytical Studies Branch.
    8. Godin, Benoit, 2004. "The obsession for competitiveness and its impact on statistics: the construction of high-technology indicators," Research Policy, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 33(8), pages 1217-1229, October.
    9. Jacob, J. & Meister, C., 2004. "Productivity gains, intersectoral linkages, and trade: Indonesian manufacturing, 1980-1996," Eindhoven Center for Innovation Studies (ECIS) working paper series, Eindhoven Center for Innovation Studies (ECIS) 04.14, Eindhoven Center for Innovation Studies (ECIS).

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