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Strengthening Global-Local Connectivity in Regional Innovation Strategies: Implications for Regional Innovation Policy

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  • Paul Benneworth
  • Adrie Dassen
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    Abstract

    With innovation increasingly important to economic development, innovation policy is attracting attention from politicians and policy-makers at all levels. Regional policy-makers face a distinctive challenge in that innovation takes place in international networks reaching far beyond their region‘s boundaries. What regional policy-makers can achieve is therefore constrained by the kind of firms and innovation networks already in their regions. This paper creates a framework for analysing regional innovation policy sensitive to this global dimension. Drawing on a global-local network analysis, the paper develops a regional classification for global-local innovation connectivity. The paper then analyses a set of common innovation policy measures, identifying how these policies can be optimised across these regional classes. The paper then highlights typical policy strengths and weaknesses for each of these various classes of regional global orientation. It argues that regional innovation strategies should pay more attention to their regions‘ global orientation if they are to become an effective tool across OECD members for improving innovation performance and economic growth rates. L‘innovation étant de plus en plus importante pour le développement économique, les politiques en matière d‘innovation attirent l‘attention des politiciens et décideurs politiques de tous niveaux. Les responsables régionaux se trouvent face à un défi particulier puisque l‘innovation est le fruit de réseaux qui s‘étendent largement au-delà des limites de leurs régions. Ce que les décideurs politiques peuvent réaliser dépend donc des types d‘entreprises et de réseaux d‘innovation déjà présents dans leurs régions. Ce document crée un cadre pour l‘analyse des politiques d‘innovation sensibles à cette dimension globale. En s‘appuyant sur une analyse des réseaux au niveau mondial et local, il développe une classification régionale pour la connectivité entre les niveaux mondial et local en matière d‘innovation. Le document analyse ensuite un ensemble de mesures communes des politiques d‘innovation et identifie comment ces politiques peuvent être optimisées à travers ces catégories régionales. Enfin, le document souligne les forces et les faiblesses des politiques, typiques pour chacune des différentes catégories d‘orientation régionale ou mondiale. Il soutient que les stratégies d‘innovation régionales devraient davantage prendre en compte l‘orientation mondiale de leurs régions si elles veulent devenir un outil efficace au sein des pays membres de l‘OCDE pour améliorer la performance en matière d‘innovation et les taux de croissance économique.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Paper provided by OECD Publishing in its series OECD Regional Development Working Papers with number 2011/1.

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    Date of creation: May 2011
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    Handle: RePEc:oec:govaab:2011/1-en

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    Related research

    Keywords: economic development; innovation policy; universities; regional development; networks; regional innovation strategies; firms; regional competitiveness;

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