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International Technology Agreements for Climate Change: Analysis Based on Co-Invention Data

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  • Ivan Haščič
  • Nick Johnstone
  • Nadja Kahrobaie

Abstract

This paper examines the effect of multilateral energy technology initiatives, so called "Implementing Agreements", on international research collaboration in seven important climate change mitigation technologies. The analysis is conducted using patent data on 33 OECD countries during the period 1970- 2009. We find that co-invention is significantly affected by the membership in the Implementing Agreement. Extending adherence to other countries would increase co-invention by about 90% in the case of wind and fuel cells, and even more in the case of biofuels, solar PV and CCS. Given the urgency to develop effective international mechanisms to mitigate climate change, these results are encouraging and the topic is an important area for further policy research. À partir des données sur les brevets de 33 pays de l’OCDE pour la période 1970-2009, ce document analyse la manière dont les initiatives multilatérales de technologies énergétiques, dits « accords de mise en oeuvre », influencent la collaboration internationale dans sept grands domaines de la recherche sur les technologies d’atténuation climatique. Le constat est que l’identité des acteurs associés à l’accord de mise en oeuvre est un facteur déterminant de co-invention. Extension de l'adhésion à d'autres pays augmenterait co-invention d'environ 90% dans le cas de l'éolien et de piles à combustible, et encore plus dans les cas de biocarburants, solaire photovoltaïque, et CSC. Vu l’urgence de disposer de cadres internationaux efficaces pour atténuer les changements climatiques, il s’agit de résultats encourageants et d’une question importante pour la suite des travaux de recherche sur les politiques.

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File URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/5k9fgpw5tt9s-en
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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by OECD Publishing in its series OECD Environment Working Papers with number 42.

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Date of creation: 20 Feb 2012
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Handle: RePEc:oec:envaaa:42-en

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Keywords: innovation; technology; Technology Agreements; climate policy; politique climatique; Accords sur les technologies; technologies; innovation;

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