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Monitoring and Evaluation for Adaptation: Lessons from Development Co-operation Agencies


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  • Nicolina Lamhauge
  • Elisa Lanzi
  • Shardul Agrawala


In the context of scaled up funding for climate change adaptation, it is more important than ever to ensure the effectiveness, equity and efficiency of adaptation interventions. Robust monitoring and evaluation (M&E) is an essential part of this, both to ensure that the prospective benefits of interventions are being realised and to help improve the design of future interventions. This paper is the first empirical assessment of M&E frameworks used by development co-operation agencies for projects and programmes with adaptation-specific or adaptation-related components. It has analysed 106 project documents across six bilateral development agencies. Based on this, it identifies the characteristics of M&E for adaptation and shares lessons learned on the choice and use of indicators for adaptation. This analysis has found that Result Based Management, the Logical Framework Approach and the accompanying logframe are the most common M&E approaches used for adaptation. In applying these approaches, the long-term perspective of most adaptation initiatives means that it is particularly important to clearly differentiate between outcomes, outputs and activities. In addition, M&E frameworks for adaptation should combine qualitative, quantitative and binary indicators. The baselines for these indicators should include the effects of future climate change, particularly for projects with long-term implications, such as investments in infrastructure. Significant challenges remain in relation to dealing with shifting baselines, attribution and time lags between interventions and outcomes. De plus en plus de fonds étant alloués à l’adaptation au changement climatique, il est plus que jamais capital de veiller à l’efficacité, à l’équité et à l’efficience des actions menées dans ce cadre. Un système de suivi et d’évaluation rigoureux s’impose, à la fois pour garantir que les avantages attendus de ces actions se concrétiseront et pour mieux préparer les actions à mener dans l’avenir. Le présent document est la première étude empirique des cadres de suivi et d’évaluation appliqués par les agences de coopération pour le développement à des projets et des programmes portant intégralement ou partiellement sur l’adaptation. Cent-six documents de projets de six agences bilatérales de développement ont été analysés. Cela a permis d’identifier les caractéristiques des systèmes de suivi et d’évaluation appliqués à l’adaptation et d’en tirer des enseignements concernant le choix des indicateurs et leur utilisation. D’après cette analyse, les deux approches de suivi et d’évaluation les plus employées sont en l’occurrence la gestion axée sur les résultats et la méthode du cadre logique et la matrice qui s’y rapporte. La plupart des initiatives d’adaptation s’inscrivant dans le long terme, il est particulièrement important de bien différencier les résultats, les produits et les activités lorsque l’on applique ces approches. En outre, les systèmes de suivi et d’évaluation appliqués à l’adaptation doivent associer des indicateurs qualitatifs, quantitatifs et binaires. Pour ces indicateurs, les références doivent intégrer les effets des changements climatiques futurs, notamment dans le cas des projets qui ont des implications à long terme (investissements dans les infrastructures, par exemple). La prise en charge des variations des références, de l’attribution des résultats et des décalages temporels entre actions et résultats pose encore des problèmes importants.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by OECD Publishing in its series OECD Environment Working Papers with number 38.

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Date of creation: 05 Apr 2012
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:oec:envaaa:38-en

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Keywords: climate change adaptation; monitoring and evaluation; development co-operation; coopération pour le développement; adaptation au changement climatique; suivi et évaluation;

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Cited by:
  1. Oberlack, Christoph & Eisenack, Klaus, 2012. "Overcoming barriers to urban adaptation through international cooperation? Modes and design properties under the UNFCCC," The Constitutional Economics Network Working Papers 03-2012, University of Freiburg, Department of Economic Policy and Constitutional Economic Theory.


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