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Enhancing Developing Country Access to Eco-Innovation: The Case of Technology Transfer and Climate Change in a Post-2012 Policy Framework

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Author Info

  • David Ockwell
  • Jim Watson
  • Alexandra Mallett
  • Ruediger Haum
  • Gordon MacKerron
  • Anne-Marie Verbeken
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    Abstract

    The deployment of eco-innovations in developing countries is a key driver of their contribution to efficiently addressing global environmental challenges. It is also a key driver of markets for eco-innovation and sustainable economic development. This report explores the barriers developing countries face in accessing markets for eco-innovation. It outlines the key considerations policy needs to address to overcome these barriers and discusses the extent to which selected existing policy mechanisms and organisation have achieved this. The key finding of the report is that the majority of existing policy mechanisms fails to recognise the critical importance of developing indigenous eco-innovation capabilities amongst developing country firms. Indigenous eco-innovation capabilities are essential to facilitating both the diffusion of existing ecoinnovations within developing countries and sustainable economic development based on the adoption, adaption and development of environmentally sound technologies that fit with the bespoke conditions faced by developing countries. Building up eco-innovation capabilities in developing countries requires a shift away from the current focus on large project based approaches which emphasise the transfer of the hardware aspects of clean technologies, towards approaches that emphasise flows of codified knowledge (know-how and know-why) and tacit knowledge. Policy also needs to be improved to better respond to the context-specific technological and cultural requirements which vary inter- and intra-nationally. La diffusion des éco-innovations dans les pays en développement est un facteur clé de la contribution de ces pays à une lutte effective contre les grands enjeux environnementaux. C’est aussi un déterminant essentiel des marchés pour l’éco-innovation et le développement durable. Le présent rapport identifie les barrières auxquels les pays en développement sont confrontés pour accéder aux éco-innovations. Il souligne les enjeux clés que les politiques publiques doivent prendre en compte pour contourner ces barrières. Il évalue la réussite dans ce domaine de certains des mécanismes et organisations existants. La principale conclusion de ce rapport est que la majorité des mécanismes existants n’accordent pas suffisamment d’importance au développement des capacités locales à innover dans le domaine de l’environnement. Ces capacités, dans les pays concernés, contribuent de manière décisive à la fois à la diffusion des éco-innovations dans les pays en développement et à un développement durable fondé sur l’adoption, l’adaptation et le développement de technologies favorables à l’environnement qui soient adaptées aux contextes particuliers des pays en développement. Renforcer la capacité à innover dans les pays en développement suppose de renoncer partiellement à la priorité accordée actuellement au soutien aux grands projets ; cette priorité met l’accent sur le transfert des aspects purement technologiques. Le rapport plaide pour des approches qui mettent l’accent sur les flux de connaissance codifiés (pourquoi, comment) et tacites. Il convient également d’améliorer les politiques publiques de sorte qu’elles prennent mieux en compte les besoins technologiques et culturels propres aux contextes et qui varient au sein d’un même pays et entre les pays.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Paper provided by OECD Publishing in its series OECD Environment Working Papers with number 12.

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    Date of creation: 18 May 2010
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    Handle: RePEc:oec:envaaa:12-en

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    Keywords: green technologies; multilateral environmental agreements; technology transfer; innovation capabilities; eco-innovation; absorptive capabilities;

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