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The Labour Market Integration of Immigrants in Australia

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  • Thomas Liebig

Abstract

The labour market integration of immigrants in Australia is shaped by the country’s long tradition as an immigration country and its selection policy. Over the post-war period, the main origin countries of immigration to Australia have shifted from English-speaking countries to other OECD countries, and, since the mid-1970s, to non-OECD countries. Parallel to this shift, immigration policy to Australia became increasingly skills focused, which has partly countered the less favourable employment outcomes of migrants from these countries. This increasing selection has resulted in a situation in which the skills structure of the immigrant population, particularly of those from non-OECD countries, is well above that of the native-born... En Australie, l’intégration des immigrés sur le marché du travail est marquée par la longue tradition du pays en tant que terre d’immigration et par sa politique de sélection. Au lendemain de la guerre, les principaux pays d’origine des immigrants ont changé : les pays anglophones ont cédé la place à d’autres pays de l’OCDE et, depuis le milieu des années 70, à des pays n’appartenant pas à l’Organisation. Parallèlement à cette évolution, la politique australienne d’immigration a privilégié de façon croissante les compétences, ce qui a en partie compensé les médiocres résultats sur le plan de l’emploi qu’enregistraient les immigrés dans leur pays d’origine. Du fait de la rigueur accrue du processus de sélection, l’Australie se trouve maintenant dans une situation où la structure des compétences de la population immigrée, en particulier des individus originaires de pays n’appartenant pas à l’OCDE, est bien supérieure à celle des autochtones...

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by OECD Publishing in its series OECD Social, Employment and Migration Working Papers with number 49.

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Date of creation: 22 Feb 2007
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Handle: RePEc:oec:elsaab:49-en

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Cited by:
  1. Ghosh, Jayati, 2009. "Migration and gender empowerment: Recent trends and emerging issues," MPRA Paper 19181, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  2. David Coleman, 2009. "Migration and its consequences in 21st century Europe," Vienna Yearbook of Population Research, Vienna Institute of Demography (VID) of the Austrian Academy of Sciences in Vienna, vol. 7(1), pages 1-18.
  3. Kifle, Temesgen, 2009. "The effect of immigration on the earnings of native-born workers: Evidence from Australia," Journal of Behavioral and Experimental Economics (formerly The Journal of Socio-Economics), Elsevier, vol. 38(2), pages 350-356, March.
  4. Butschek, Sebastian & Walter, Thomas, 2013. "What active labour market programmes work for immigrants in Europe? A meta-analysis of the evaluation literature," ZEW Discussion Papers 13-056, ZEW - Zentrum für Europäische Wirtschaftsforschung / Center for European Economic Research.
  5. Peter Huber & Klaus Nowotny & Julia Bock-Schappelwein, 2010. "Qualification Structure, Over- and Underqualification of the Foreign Born in Austria and the EU," FIW Research Reports series II-008, FIW.
  6. Jayati Ghosh, 2009. "Migration and Gender Empowerment: Recent Trends and Emerging Issues," Human Development Research Papers (2009 to present) HDRP-2009-04, Human Development Report Office (HDRO), United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), revised Apr 2009.
  7. Walter, Thomas & Butschek, Sebastian, 2013. "What Active Labour Market Programmes Work for Immigrants in Europe?," Annual Conference 2013 (Duesseldorf): Competition Policy and Regulation in a Global Economic Order 79745, Verein für Socialpolitik / German Economic Association.

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