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A New Measure of Skills Mismatch: Theory and Evidence from the Survey of Adult Skills (PIAAC)

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  • Michele Pellizzari
  • Anne Fichen

Abstract

This paper proposes a new measure of skills mismatch that combines information about skill proficiency, self-reported mismatch and skill use. The theoretical foundations underling this measure allow identifying minimum and maximum skill requirements for each occupation and to classify workers into three groups, the well-matched, the under-skilled and the over-skilled. The availability of skill use data further permit the computation of the degree of under and overusage of skills in the economy. The empirical analysis is carried out using the first wave of the OECD Survey of Adult Skills (PIAAC) and the findings are compared across skill domains, labour market status and countries. Ce document présente une nouvelle mesure de l’inadéquation des compétences qui combine des informations sur la maîtrise des compétences, l’inadéquation auto-reportée et l’utilisation des compétences. Les fondements théoriques de cette mesure permettent d’identifier les compétences minimales et maximales requises par chaque profession et de classer les travailleurs en trois groupes : ceux dont les compétences sont bien adaptées, ceux qui ont des compétences inférieures à celles requises et ceux qui ont des compétences supérieures à celles requises. L’existence de données sur l’usage des compétences permet de mesurer le degré de sur- ou de sous-utilisation des compétences dans l’économie. Cette mesure est testée sur la première vague de l’enquête de l’OCDE sur l’évaluation des compétences des adultes ; les résultats sont présentés par domaines de compétences, par statuts sur le marché du travail et par pays.

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File URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/5k3tpt04lcnt-en
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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by OECD Publishing in its series OECD Social, Employment and Migration Working Papers with number 153.

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Date of creation: 19 Dec 2013
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Handle: RePEc:oec:elsaab:153-en

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Related research

Keywords: skills; mismatch;

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Cited by:
  1. Sandra Nieto, 2014. "“Overeducation, skills and wage penalty: Evidence for Spain using PIAAC data”," AQR Working Papers, University of Barcelona, Regional Quantitative Analysis Group 201406, University of Barcelona, Regional Quantitative Analysis Group, revised Mar 2014.
  2. Sandra Nieto, 2014. "“Overeducation, skills and wage penalty: Evidence for Spain using PIAAC data”," IREA Working Papers, University of Barcelona, Research Institute of Applied Economics 201411, University of Barcelona, Research Institute of Applied Economics, revised Mar 2014.

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