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How Does Academic Ability Affect Educational and Labour Market Pathways in Canada

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  • Jorgen Hansen

Abstract

Using data from the Youth in Transition Survey (YITS), this paper provides an up-to-date description of educational and labour market pathways (or transitions) among Canadian youth. It also estimates the effect of academic abilities, measured by PISA math and reading scores, on such transitions. Descriptive statistics show that educational success is positively related to math and reading achievements as well as family background characteristics. Further, working while in high school reduces educational attainment while participation in school organised activities increases the probability of grade progression. The results also indicate that students with low reading achievements are not only less likely to remain in school; they are also less likely to return to school once they have left school. Finally, the risk of entering unemployment after school is inversely related to the level of completed schooling. À partir des données de l’Enquête auprès des jeunes en transition (EJET), le présent document fournit une description actualisée des parcours (ou transitions) emprunté(e)s par les jeunes Canadiens dans les études et sur le marché du travail. Il évalue également l’effet de l’aptitude aux études, telle que mesurée par les scores PISA en mathématiques et compréhension de l’écrit, sur ces transitions. Des statistiques descriptives montrent que le succès dans les études est positivement corrélé à la réussite en mathématiques et en compréhension de l’écrit, ainsi qu’aux caractéristiques du contexte familial. Ensuite, on constate que le fait d’avoir un emploi lorsque l’on est encore dans l’enseignement secondaire exerce un effet négatif sur le niveau d’enseignement, tandis que la participation à des activités organisées par l’établissement scolaire augmente la probabilité d’obtenir de meilleures notes. Les résultats indiquent en outre que les élèves ayant obtenu de faibles scores en compréhension de l’écrit ne sont pas seulement moins susceptibles de rester dans l’éducation ; ils sont aussi moins susceptibles de retourner à leurs études une fois qu’ils les ont arrêtées. Enfin, le risque d’être au chômage après sa formation est inversement corrélé au niveau d’enseignement atteint.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by OECD Publishing in its series OECD Education Working Papers with number 30.

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Date of creation: 10 Feb 2010
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Handle: RePEc:oec:eduaab:30-en

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