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Current Account Benchmarks for Turkey

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  • Oliver Röhn

Abstract

Turkey’s current account deficit widened to almost 10% of GDP in 2011 and has been narrowing only gradually since. An important question is to what extent Turkey’s current account deficit is excessive. To explore this issue, one needs to establish benchmarks. In this paper current account benchmarks are derived using the external sustainability as well as the macroeconomic balance approach. However, the standard macroeconomic balance approach ignores the uncertainty inherent in the model selection process given the relatively large number of possible determinants of current account balances. This paper therefore extends the macroeconomic balance approach to account for model uncertainty by using Bayesian Model Averaging techniques. Results from both approaches suggest that current account benchmarks for the current account deficit lie in the range of 3% to 5½ per cent of GDP, which is broadly in line with previous estimates but substantially below recent current account deficit levels. This Working Paper relates to the 2012 OECD Economic Survey of Turkey (www.oecd.org/eco/surveys/turkey). Des repères pour la balance courante en Turquie Le déficit de la balance des opérations courantes de la Turquie s'est creusé pour atteindre près de 10 % du PIB en 2011 et n’a rétréci que très graduellement depuis. Il importe de déterminer dans quelle mesure ce déficit est excessif. Pour explorer la question, des repères doivent être établis. Ce document de travail calcule et propose de tels repères, à partir des méthodes de viabilité de la balance courante, et d’équilibre macroéconomique. La méthode standard d’équilibre macroéconomique ne tient cependant pas compte de l’incertitude inhérente au processus de sélection du modèle, vu le nombre important de déterminants possibles de la balance des opérations courantes. Ce document élargit la méthode d’équilibre macroéconomique afin de tenir compte de cette incertitude, en utilisant les techniques de choix de modèles par estimateur Bayesien. Les résultats obtenus à partir des deux méthodes suggèrent que les repères de balance courante pour la Turquie pourraient se situer entre 3% et 5½ pour cent du PIB, en ligne avec les estimations précédentes mais nettement en-dessous des récents niveaux de déficit du compte courant. Ce Document de travail se rapporte à l’Étude économique de l’OCDE de la Turquie, 2012 (www.oecd.org/eco/surveys/turkey).

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by OECD Publishing in its series OECD Economics Department Working Papers with number 988.

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Date of creation: 14 Sep 2012
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Handle: RePEc:oec:ecoaaa:988-en

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Keywords: current account; Turkey; model uncertainty; Bayesian model averaging; external sustainability; current account benchmarks; repères pour la balance courante; balance courante; incertitude des modèles; viabilité des comptes extérieurs; Turquie; choix de modèles par estimateur Bayésien;

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