Advanced Search
MyIDEAS: Login to save this paper or follow this series

Explaining the Appreciation of the Brazilian real


Author Info

  • Annabelle Mourougane


This paper seeks to identify factors explaining the appreciation of the Brazilian real observed since 2003, which was temporarily interrupted only during episodes of financial turbulence. Net foreign assets and the productivity differential relative to Brazil’s main trade partners are found to be significant determinants of the real effective exchange rate in the long run. In the short term, exchange-rate developments are mostly explained by movements in net foreign assets. The production of oil is also found to explain developments in the real effective exchange rate in the long run. These results are robust to a wide range of tests. There is evidence of an over-valuation of the real in 2010, but the extent of the misalignment is hard to gauge. FEER estimations point to an overvaluation between 3-10% in 2010. Dynamic simulations of behavioural exchange-rate equations generally suggest an overvaluation of between 10-20%. However, these estimations remain subject to large uncertainties. Comment expliquer l'appréciation du real Brésilien Ce papier cherche à identifier les facteurs expliquant l’appréciation du real Brésilien observé depuis 2003, qui a été temporairement interrompu uniquement durant des épisodes de turbulences financières. Les avoirs extérieurs nets et le différentiel de productivité relatifs aux principaux partenaires commerciaux du Brésil apparaissent comme des déterminants importants du taux de change effectif réel à long terme. À court terme, les évolutions des taux de change sont principalement expliquées par le mouvement des avoirs extérieurs nets. La production de pétrole explique également l'évolution du taux de change effectif réel à long terme. Ces résultats sont robustes à un large éventail de tests. Si la surévaluation du real en 2010 est évidente, l'ampleur de l'écart à l’équilibre reste difficile à mesurer. Les estimations FEER font état d'une surévaluation de 3 à 10% en 2010. Les simulations dynamiques des équations de comportement du taux de change suggèrent généralement une surévaluation de 10 à 20%. Ces estimations restent cependant soumises à de grandes incertitudes.

Download Info

If you experience problems downloading a file, check if you have the proper application to view it first. In case of further problems read the IDEAS help page. Note that these files are not on the IDEAS site. Please be patient as the files may be large.
File URL:
Download Restriction: no

Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by OECD Publishing in its series OECD Economics Department Working Papers with number 901.

as in new window
Date of creation: 21 Oct 2011
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:oec:ecoaaa:901-en

Contact details of provider:
Postal: 2 rue Andre Pascal, 75775 Paris Cedex 16
Phone: 33-(0)-1-45 24 82 00
Fax: 33-(0)-1-45 24 85 00
Web page:
More information through EDIRC

Related research

Keywords: Brazil; equilibrium exchange rate; currency; FEER; BEER; FEER; BEER; taux de change d’équilibre; Monnaie; Brésil;

Find related papers by JEL classification:

This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:


No references listed on IDEAS
You can help add them by filling out this form.


Citations are extracted by the CitEc Project, subscribe to its RSS feed for this item.
as in new window

Cited by:
  1. Annabelle Mourougane, 2011. "Refining Macroeconomic Policies to Sustain Growth in Brazil," OECD Economics Department Working Papers, OECD Publishing 899, OECD Publishing.


This item is not listed on Wikipedia, on a reading list or among the top items on IDEAS.


Access and download statistics


When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:oec:ecoaaa:901-en. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: ().

If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

If references are entirely missing, you can add them using this form.

If the full references list an item that is present in RePEc, but the system did not link to it, you can help with this form.

If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.