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Phasing Out Energy Subsidies in Indonesia

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  • Annabelle Mourougane

Abstract

The oil price hike in 2007-08 underlined the vulnerability of Indonesia’s energy subsidy policy to oil price volatility. In addition to entailing significant economic and environmental costs, energy subsidies put pressure on the public budget and benefit mostly rich households. Phasing them out would benefit both the economy and the environment. At the same time, past experience in Indonesia and elsewhere suggests that such a reform is likely to face stiff opposition and will therefore need to be carefully designed and communicated. Compensation in the form of targeted cash transfers will help to shield low-income households from attendant rise in energy prices. This Working Paper relates to the 2010 OECD Economic Review of Indonesia (www.oecd.org/eco/surveys/Indonesia). Éliminer progressivement les subventions à l'énergie en l'Indonésie La flambée des prix du pétrole de 2007-08 a montré que la politique de subventions à l’énergie de l’Indonésie était sensible à la volatilité des prix du pétrole. En plus d’entraîner des coûts économiques et environnementaux importants, les subventions à l’énergie pèsent sur les finances publiques et profitent essentiellement aux ménages aisés. Leur suppression progressive aurait donc des effets positifs sur l’économie comme sur l’environnement. Toutefois, l’expérience de l’Indonésie et d’autres pays montre qu’une telle réforme risque de rencontrer une vive opposition et qu’il importe donc d’accorder une grande attention à la façon dont elle est conçue et expliquée. Des mécanismes de compensation sous forme de transferts monétaires ciblés contribueront à protéger les ménages à faible revenu de la hausse des prix de l’énergie induite par la réforme. Ce Document de travail se rapporte à l’Étude économique de l’OCDE de l’Indonésie 2010 (www.oecd.org/eco/etudes/Indonesie).

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by OECD Publishing in its series OECD Economics Department Working Papers with number 808.

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Date of creation: 26 Oct 2010
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Handle: RePEc:oec:ecoaaa:808-en

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Keywords: Indonesia; biofuels; energy subsidies; bio-carburants; Indonésie; subventions d'énergie;

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