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Improving the Business and Investment Climate in Indonesia

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  • Diego Moccero

Abstract

Indonesia’s business environment is discouraging entrepreneurship and holding back private-sector growth and development. Weaknesses in the regulatory framework, infrastructure bottlenecks and poor governance continue to weigh down on investment. Policies have been put in place to address these problems, but much remains to be done. An important recent initiative is the enactment of the Investment Law in 2007, which strengthened the foreign investment regime. This paper argues that options for reform could focus on making regulations more pro-business, including by removing red tape and onerous provisions at the local level of government, improving governance and relaxing remaining restrictions on foreign investment. Further financial deepening would facilitate access by enterprises to more abundant, cheaper sources of finance. This Working Paper relates to the 2008 OECD Economic Assessment of Indonesia (www.oecd.org/eco/surveys/indonesia). Améliorer le cadre des affaires et des investissements en Indonésie En Indonésie, le cadre des affaires décourage la création d’entreprises et freine la croissance du secteur privé. Les faiblesses de la réglementation, les goulets d’étranglement dans les infrastructures et la médiocrité de la gouvernance continuent à entraver les investissements. Des mesures ont été prises pour remédier à ces problèmes, mais beaucoup reste à faire. L’une des importantes initiatives prises récemment a été l’adoption, en 2007, d’une loi sur les investissements qui a amélioré le régime des investissements étrangers. On soutient dans ce papier que la réforme pourrait viser surtout à rendre la réglementation plus favorable à l’activité privée, notamment en supprimant les tracasseries et les lourdeurs administratives aux échelons locaux des pouvoirs publics, en améliorant la gouvernance et en assouplissant les restrictions qui subsistent à l’égard des investissements étrangers. En outre, la poursuite de l’approfondissement des marchés financiers permettrait aux entreprises de se procurer davantage de fonds à moindre coût. Ce Document de travail se rapporte à l’Évaluation économique de l’OCDE de l’Indonesie, 2008 (www.oecd.org/eco/etudes/indonesie).

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File URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/236810400872
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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by OECD Publishing in its series OECD Economics Department Working Papers with number 638.

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Date of creation: 23 Sep 2008
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Handle: RePEc:oec:ecoaaa:638-en

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Keywords: financial sector; infrastructure; foreign direct investment; Indonesia; investment climate; Indonésie; climat des affaires; investissement direct étranger; infrastructure; secteur financier;

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