Advanced Search
MyIDEAS: Login to save this paper or follow this series

Improving Labour Utilisation in Brazil


Author Info

  • Luiz de Mello
  • Naércio Menezes Filho
  • Luiz G. Scorzafave


Labour force participation is comparable to the OECD area for prime-age males. It is somewhat lower for females and is trending down for youths as a result of rising school enrolment. The labour market is placing an increasing premium on skills, making it particularly difficult for the less educated to find a job. Labour informality is pervasive and turnover high, especially for the less educated, discouraging investment in labour training and the acquisition of job-related skills, and perpetuating income disparities. The main policy challenge is to improve labour utilisation by reducing informality and fostering human capital accumulation on and off the job. A stable macroeconomy is a pre-condition for reducing unemployment, but a greater focus on activation within the current policy framework would be advisable. To close the remaining gender gap, female labour force participation in full-time jobs could be encouraged by increasing the supply of affordable child care and pre-school education. Labour turnover can be reduced by mitigating the incentives for negotiated separation, which currently arise from the design of severance insurance (FGTS) in the event of unfair dismissal. Skill marketability can be enhanced through the introduction of a national skills certification system, and labour training can become more cost-effective through increased contestability in existing programmes. Accroître l'utilisation de la main-d'oeuvre au Brésil Le taux d'activité est comparable à celui de la zone OCDE pour les hommes d'âge moyen, mais il est un peu plus bas pour les femmes et a tendance à baisser pour les jeunes, parallèlement aux progrès de la scolarisation. Le marché du travail est de plus en plus favorable aux travailleurs qualifiés et il est donc devenu particulièrement difficile pour ceux qui ne le sont pas de trouver un emploi. Le travail non déclaré est très répandu et les taux de rotation élevés qui le caractérisent, surtout pour les travailleurs peu qualifiés, découragent l'investissement dans la formation de la main-d'oeuvre et l'acquisition de qualifications liées à l'emploi. Pour les pouvoirs publics, le principal défi à relever est donc d'accroître l'utilisation de la main-d'oeuvre en luttant contre le travail non déclaré et en favorisant l'accumulation de capital humain dans l'emploi et hors emploi. Un environnement macroéconomique stable est un préalable indispensable pour faire reculer le chômage, mais le développement des mesures d?activation dans le cadre actuel de l'action gouvernementale paraît également souhaitable. Pour achever de combler l'écart d'activité entre les sexes, on pourrait encourager les femmes à travailler à temps plein en développant l'offre de services d'accueil et d'éducation préscolaire d'un coût abordable pour les enfants, tandis que pour atténuer la rotation de la main-d'oeuvre, il faudrait agir sur les incitations au départ négocié qui découlent actuellement du régime d'assurance contre la perte d'emploi (FGTS) en cas de licenciement abusif. Enfin, on valoriserait davantage les qualifications sur le marché grâce à la mise en place d'un système national de certification et on rendrait la formation professionnelle plus efficace et plus économique en introduisant davantage de concurrence dans les programmes existants.

Download Info

If you experience problems downloading a file, check if you have the proper application to view it first. In case of further problems read the IDEAS help page. Note that these files are not on the IDEAS site. Please be patient as the files may be large.
File URL:
Download Restriction: no

Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by OECD Publishing in its series OECD Economics Department Working Papers with number 533.

as in new window
Date of creation: 06 Dec 2006
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:oec:ecoaaa:533-en

Contact details of provider:
Postal: 2 rue Andre Pascal, 75775 Paris Cedex 16
Phone: 33-(0)-1-45 24 82 00
Fax: 33-(0)-1-45 24 85 00
Web page:
More information through EDIRC

Related research

Keywords: informality; employability; labour markets; probit; employabilité; informalité; marché du travail; probit;

Find related papers by JEL classification:

This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:


No references listed on IDEAS
You can help add them by filling out this form.


Citations are extracted by the CitEc Project, subscribe to its RSS feed for this item.
as in new window

Cited by:
  1. Sparreboom, Theo & de Gier, Michael P.F, 2008. "Assessing vulnerable employment : the role of status and sector indicators in Pakistan, Namibia and Brazil," ILO Working Papers, International Labour Organization 424015, International Labour Organization.


This item is not listed on Wikipedia, on a reading list or among the top items on IDEAS.


Access and download statistics


When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:oec:ecoaaa:533-en. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: ().

If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

If references are entirely missing, you can add them using this form.

If the full references list an item that is present in RePEc, but the system did not link to it, you can help with this form.

If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.