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Encouraging Environmentally Sustainable Growth in Austria

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  • Jens Høj
  • Andreas Wörgötter

Abstract

This document analyses the economic impacts of selected environmental policies in Austria with an emphasis on the use of economic instruments and incentives versus command-and-control measures. An important theme in a federation like the Austrian is the institutional complexity involved in many aspects of environmental policy, requiring a high degree of co-ordination between various layers of government, which could be furthered by a coherent ex ante and ex post evaluation system. Such a system could also be useful in the setting of abatement objectives and minimizing their associated cost. Greater use of properly designed instruments, examples being a unified taxation of fuels and the introduction of a CO2 tax, would improve the cost-effectiveness of policies to reach Austria’s ambitious CO2 emission reduction target. This would particularly be the case if economic instruments replace the widespread use of subsidies and command-and-control type measures. Such measures are found to ... Pour une croissance écologiquement durable en Autriche Ce document analyse les effets économiques de certaines actions environnementales en Autriche, en mettant l'accent sur l'utilisation des instruments économiques et sur les incitations, par opposition aux measures coercitives. Dans un Etat fédéral tel que l'Autriche il faut souligner la complexité institutionnelle de maints aspects de la politique d’environnement, exigeant une étroite coordination entre les divers niveaux d'administration, qui pourrait être renforcée par un système cohérent d'évaluation ex ante et ex post. Pareil système serait également utile pour fixer les objectifs de dépollution et minimiser les coûts associés. Un plus ample recours à des instruments bien conçus, notamment une fiscalité unifiée des carburants et une taxe sur le CO2, améliorerait le rapport coût-efficacité des mesures destinées à atteindre l'ambitieux objectif de réduction des émissions de CO2 que s'est fixé l'Autriche. Tel sera le cas en particulier si les instruments économiques remplacent les ...

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File URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/402531183476
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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by OECD Publishing in its series OECD Economics Department Working Papers with number 322.

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Date of creation: 20 Feb 2002
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Handle: RePEc:oec:ecoaaa:322-en

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Keywords: sustainable development; environmental policy; Austria; Autriche; développement durable; politique environnementale;

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