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Making Growth More Environmentally Sustainable in Germany

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  • Grant Kirkpatrick
  • Gernot Klepper
  • Robert W.R. Price
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    Abstract

    This document analyses German environmental policies, including, among others, discussion of air and water quality policy, use of the waste management hierarchy approach and of voluntary agreements. The German public has been highly sensitive to environmental concerns, leading to many policy initiatives in this area since the early 1980s. Significant environmental improvements have been achieved, using an approach frequently based on detailed regulations, often developed with the close involvement of industry and even individual polluters. There has developed a tendency to relieve some of the heaviest polluters from the most stringent regulation, on the grounds of competitiveness concerns, and some polluting activities receive considerable direct or indirect subsidies; these policies will increasingly make it unnecessarily expensive to meet environmental targets. Objectives need to be defined more clearly and consistently and a less discriminatory approach to taxation and ... Ce document analyse les politiques environnementales de l’Allemagne, en particulier les politiques pour l'air et l'eau, l'utilisation de l'approche de la hiérarchie de traitement des déchets et des approches volontaires. L'opinion allemande est très sensibilisée aux problèmes d'environnement, ce qui a mené depuis le début des années 80 à de nombreuses initiatives de politique dans ce domaine. Des progrès significatifs ont été accomplis, en utilisant le plus souvent une approche fondée sur des réglementations détaillées, développées en étroite coopération avec l'industrie et même les pollueurs individuels. En général, les pollueurs les plus importants ont eu tendance à être exemptés des réglementations les plus strictes, du fait de préoccupations de compétitivité, et certaines activités polluantes reçoivent des subventions directes ou indirectes considérables; ces politiques rendront de plus en plus inutilement coûteuse la réalisation des objectifs environnementaux. Les objectifs ...

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    File URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/438703523226
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    Bibliographic Info

    Paper provided by OECD Publishing in its series OECD Economics Department Working Papers with number 276.

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    Date of creation: 31 Jan 2001
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    Handle: RePEc:oec:ecoaaa:276-en

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    Related research

    Keywords: sustainable development; Germany; environmental policy; Allemagne; développement durable; politique environnementale;

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    Cited by:
    1. Frondel, Manuel & Horbach, Jens & Rennings, Klaus & Requate, Till, 2004. "Environmental Policy Tools and Firm-Level Management Practices : Empirical Evidence for Germany," Economics Working Papers 2004,02, Christian-Albrechts-University of Kiel, Department of Economics.
    2. Jan M. Henke & Gernot Klepper & Norbert Schmitz, 2003. "Tax Exemption for Biofuels in Germany: Is Bio-Ethanol Really an Option for Climate Policy?," Kiel Working Papers 1184, Kiel Institute for the World Economy.

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