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Labour Productivity Levels in OECD Countries: Estimates for Manufacturing and Selected Service Sectors

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  • Dirk Pilat

Abstract

This paper provides estimates of labour productivity levels in OECD manufacturing, for 9 countries and 36 industrial sectors. It also provides an overview of some of the available evidence on cross-country productivity differences in the service sector. The paper uses industry-specific conversion factors to calculate productivity levels, based on available industry-of-origin studies and material from the expenditure approach to international comparisons. After a discussion of some methodological issues, the paper describes the estimation of manufacturing productivity levels in detail, while also referring to some other recent work on the issue. The variation in cross-country productivity levels appears to be quite large in the OECD area, suggesting that there may be scope for further productivity catch-up in many countries and many sectors ... Niveau de productivité du travail dans les pays de l'OCDE : Estimations pour les industries manufacturières etcertaines branches du secteur tertiaire Cet article fournit les estimations des niveaux de la productivité du travail dans les industries manufacturières de l’OCDE, pour 9 pays et 36 secteurs industriels. Il fournit également une vue d’ensemble sur les signes manifestes de différences de productivité dans les secteurs des services entre ces pays. L’article utilise des facteurs de conversion propres à l’industrie pour calculer des niveaux de productivité, fondés sur les études disponibles relatives à l’approche sectorielle et la documentation issue de l’approche par la dépense pour les comparaisons internationales. Après avoir discuté de quelques problèmes méthodologiques, l’article décrit en détail l’estimation des niveaux de productivité dans les industries manufacturières, tout en renvoyant à quelques récents travaux sur le sujet. La comparaison des niveaux de productivité fait apparaître une dispersion assez grande dans la zone de l’OCDE, ce qui semble indiquer la possibilité pour beaucoup de pays et de secteurs d’un ...

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File URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/405541536677
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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by OECD Publishing in its series OECD Economics Department Working Papers with number 169.

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Date of creation: 1996
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Handle: RePEc:oec:ecoaaa:169-en

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