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Energy Taxation and Price Distortions in Fossil Fuel Markets: Some Implications for Climate Change Policy

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  • Peter Hoeller
  • Jonathan Coppel

Abstract

In response to the potential threat of global warming many countries are considering cost effective policies to reduce greenhouse gas emissions. In this context much attention has been paid to taxes levied on the carbon content of fuels (carbon taxes), since they are a potentially efficient economic instrument for reducing emissions of CO2, the main greenhouse gas. This paper first reviews the existing structure of fossil fuel prices and taxes and the relationship between energy prices and carbon emissions. It then analyses the economic cost of superimposing carbon taxes on top of current energy taxes. Finally, using a simple energy demand system, tax reform proposals are simulated including restructuring present energy taxation by the average implicit carbon tax and a carbon cum energy tax similar to the EC proposal ... En réponse à la menace potentielle de réchauffement planétaire, de nombreux pays étudient des politiques de coût efficaces pour réduire les émissions de gaz à effet de serre. Dans ce contexte, les taxes perçues en fonction de la teneur en carbone des combustibles (taxes sur le carbone) ont été l'objet d'une attention particulière, ces taxes étant un instrument économique potentiellement efficace pour réduire les émissions de CO2, principal gaz à effet de serre. Ce document examine tout d'abord la structure existante des prix et des taxes s'attachant aux combustibles fossiles et la relation entre les prix de l'énergie et les émissions de carbone. Il analyse ensuite le coût économique que représente la superposition de taxes sur le carbone aux taxes déjà existantes sur l'énergie. Enfin, en utilisant un simple système de demande d'énergie, les propositions de réforme fiscale font l'objet d'une simulation comportant une restructuration du système actuel de taxation de l'énergie passant ...

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by OECD Publishing in its series OECD Economics Department Working Papers with number 110.

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Date of creation: 1992
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Handle: RePEc:oec:ecoaaa:110-en

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Cited by:
  1. Olivier Godard, 1996. "Economic Expertise And Decision-Making In Controversial Universes," Post-Print, HAL halshs-00625518, HAL.
  2. Robalino, David & Lempert, Robert, 2000. "Carrots and sticks for new technology: Abating greenhouse gas emissions in a heterogeneous and uncertain world," MPRA Paper 12002, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  3. McKibbin, W.J. & Bok, T.J., 1995. "The Impact on the Asia-Pacific Region of Fiscal Policy in the United States and Japan," Papers, Brookings Institution - Working Papers 120, Brookings Institution - Working Papers.
  4. Smith, Clare & Hall, Stephen & Mabey, Nick, 1995. "Econometric modelling of international carbon tax regimes," Energy Economics, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 17(2), pages 133-146, April.
  5. Steenblik, Ronald P & Coroyannakis, Panos, 1995. "Reform of coal policies in Western and Central Europe : Implications for the environment," Energy Policy, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 23(6), pages 537-553, June.
  6. Shane Bonetti & Felix FitzRoy, 1999. "Environmental Tax Reform and Government Expenditure," Environmental & Resource Economics, European Association of Environmental and Resource Economists, European Association of Environmental and Resource Economists, vol. 13(3), pages 289-308, April.
  7. ZhongXiang Zhang & Lucas Assunao, 2004. "Domestic Climate Policies and the WTO," The World Economy, Wiley Blackwell, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 27(3), pages 359-386, 03.
  8. Olivier Godard, 1997. "Social Decision-Making under Scientific Controversy, Expertise, and the Precautionary Principle," Post-Print, HAL halshs-00624027, HAL.
  9. Peter Bohm & Bjorn Larsen, 1994. "Fairness in a tradeable-permit treaty for carbon emissions reductions in Europe and the former Soviet Union," Environmental & Resource Economics, European Association of Environmental and Resource Economists, European Association of Environmental and Resource Economists, vol. 4(3), pages 219-239, June.
  10. Zhang, ZhongXiang & Baranzini, Andrea, 2004. "What do we know about carbon taxes? An inquiry into their impacts on competitiveness and distribution of income," Energy Policy, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 32(4), pages 507-518, March.
  11. Krause, Florentin, 1996. "The costs of mitigating carbon emissions : A review of methods and findings from European studies," Energy Policy, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 24(10-11), pages 899-915.
  12. Baranzini, Andrea & Goldemberg, Jose & Speck, Stefan, 2000. "A future for carbon taxes," Ecological Economics, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 32(3), pages 395-412, March.
  13. V., Oikonomou & A., Flamos & S., Grafakos, 2010. "Is blending of energy and climate policy instruments always desirable?," Energy Policy, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 38(8), pages 4186-4195, August.
  14. Lucas Assuncao & ZhongXiang Zhang, 2002. "Domestics Climate Change Policies And The Wto," UNCTAD Discussion Papers, United Nations Conference on Trade and Development 164, United Nations Conference on Trade and Development.
  15. Gunther Tichy, 1993. "Ökonomische Auswirkungen einer Energieabgabe in Österreich," Wirtschaft und Gesellschaft - WuG, Kammer für Arbeiter und Angestellte für Wien, Abteilung Wirtschaftswissenschaft und Statistik, Kammer für Arbeiter und Angestellte für Wien, Abteilung Wirtschaftswissenschaft und Statistik, vol. 19(3), pages 315-328.

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