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Le rééquilibrage entre le secteur public et le secteur privé : Le cas du Mexique

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  • Charles-Albert Michalet
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    Abstract

    La politique de rééquilibrage entre le secteur public et le secteur privé au Mexique s'inscrit dans une redéfinition du modèle de développement qui le ferait passer de la priorité traditionnellement donnée à la substitution aux importations à la priorité de la compétitivité internationale. Les changements structurels qui en découlent comportent deux volets. D'une part, ils visent à redimensionner le secteur public par une réduction du nombre des entreprises para-étatiques. Cet objectif se poursuit au moyen de la liquidation, de l'extinction, du transfert à des entités régionales et, enfin, de la vente au secteur privé. D'autre part, par des actions de reconversion industrielle , les entreprises maintenues dans le secteur public doivent être modernisées, équilibrées financièrement et devenir compétitives. La politique du rééquilibrage demeure encore dans une phase transitoire, car au-delà des carences des techniques utilisées, du manque de transparence, ce processus se heurte à la ... The policy of readjustment between the public and private sectors in Mexico comes under the definition of the country's development model, a process in which the priority traditionally given to import substitution would go instead to international competitiveness. The resulting structural changes include two aspects. First, they are intended to rescale the public sector by reducing the number of quasi-public firms. This objective is being pursued by closing them, letting them go to the wall, transferring them to regional entitites or selling them to the private sector. Second, through industrial restructuring , the firms kept in the public sector must be modernised, balance their books and become competitive. The readjustment policy is still in a transitional phase for, in addition to the shortcomings of the techniques used and the lack of transparency, this process is encountering opposition from both the "social" sector and a part of the politicial establishment ...

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    File URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/682062580582
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    Bibliographic Info

    Paper provided by OECD Publishing in its series OECD Development Centre Working Papers with number 4.

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    Date of creation: Jun 1989
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    Handle: RePEc:oec:devaaa:4-fr

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