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Croissance et compétitivité de l'industrie manufacturière au Sénégal

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  • Thierry Latreille
  • Aristomène Varoudakis

Abstract

Ce document analyse le rôle de la productivité globale des facteurs comme déterminant de la compétitivité des industries manufacturières sénégalaises. Il porte sur un panel de dix groupes d’industries manufacturières et couvre la période 1974-94. Après avoir estimé la fonction de production des industries manufacturières, le document identifie le rôle de l’investissement public, de la protection commerciale et du niveau de qualification de la main-d’œuvre utilisée par les différents secteurs dans l’évolution de la productivité globale des facteurs dans l’industrie. Une attention particulière est portée sur les économies externes comme source de gains de productivité et sur le rôle de l’investissement public comme facteur pouvant favoriser leur émergence. Les résultats montrent d’importantes disparités entre les industries manufacturières sénégalaises en ce qui concerne la progression de la productivité globale des facteurs. Les insuffisances de l’investissement public en ... This paper analyses the role of total factor productivity as a determinant of competitivity in Senegalese manufacturing industries. It is based upon a panel of ten industrial manufacturing groups and covers the period 1974-94. Following an estimation of the production function of manufacturing industry, the paper identifies the roles of public investment, protectionist measures, and the level of qualification of the workforce used by the different sectors in the evolution of industrial total factor productivity. Particular attention is given to external economies as a source of improved productivity and the role of public investment as a factor in favour of such gains. The results show major differences between Senegalese manufacturing industries as far as the growth of total factor productivity is concerned. Insufficient public investment in infrastructure and the high level of protectionism appear to plan an important role in the unfavourable evolution of productivity and ...

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File URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/775567861620
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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by OECD Publishing in its series OECD Development Centre Working Papers with number 118.

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Date of creation: Oct 1996
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Handle: RePEc:oec:devaaa:118-fr

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Cited by:
  1. Diagne, Youssoupha S & Fall, Alsim, 2007. "Impact des infrastructures publiques sur la productivité des entreprises au Sénégal
    [Impact of public infrastructures on firms productivity in Senegal]
    ," MPRA Paper 54809, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  2. Jean-Christophe Dumont & Sandrine Mesplé-Somps, 2000. "L'impact des infrastructures publiques sur la compétitivité et la croissance : une analyse en EGC appliquée au Sénégal," Working Papers, DIAL (Développement, Institutions et Mondialisation) DT/2000/08, DIAL (Développement, Institutions et Mondialisation).
  3. Sekkat, Khalid & Varoudakis, Aristomene, 2000. "Exchange rate management and manufactured exports in Sub-Saharan Africa," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 61(1), pages 237-253, February.

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