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Input-Based Pollution Estimates for Environmental Assessment in Developing Countries

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Author Info

  • Sébastien Dessus
  • David Roland-Holst
  • Dominique van der Mensbrugghe

Abstract

The practice of environmental regulation and assessment in developing countries faces many special challenges. Apart from popular misconceptions about negative links between environmentalism and economic growth, there are numerous practical limitations to appraising environmental conditions and implementing policies that conserve or improve them. These include weak institutional capacity or discipline, high monitoring and administrative costs for individual programs, and limited local engineering information. Institutional constraints mean that first-best policies like direct pollution monitoring and regulation may not be feasible. Even market-based systems like tradable pollution permits usually require initial assessment and monitoring which is too costly or complex to be supported locally. Detailed data on pollution do exist for OECD countries, however, and this paper attempts to render this information more usable to environmental analysts in countries where direct sampling has not ... Dans les pays en développement, la mise en oeuvre de la réglementation sur l'environnement et l'estimation des coûts sont loin d’être évidentes. Outre l’idée fausse et très répandue de liens négatifs entre la croissance économique et l'environnement, il existe de nombreuses autres barrières à l’évaluation de l'état de l'environnement et à l'application de mesures de protection et d'amélioration. Parmi ces barrières, on peut citer la faiblesse du cadre institutionnel et de la discipline, le coût élevé des contrôles et de la gestion administrative des programmes individuels et le peu d'information sur ces ressources technologiques locales. Les contraintes institutionnelles peuvent entraver l'application des politiques considérées comme les meilleures, comme le contrôle et la réglementation directs de la pollution. Même des systèmes fondés sur les lois du marché, comme les permis de polluer négociables, nécessitent évaluation et contrôle au départ, démarches trop coûteuses et ...

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by OECD Publishing in its series OECD Development Centre Working Papers with number 101.

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Date of creation: Oct 1994
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Handle: RePEc:oec:devaaa:101-en

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Cited by:
  1. Vennemo, Haakon & Aunan, Kristin & He, Jianwu & Hu, Tao & Li, Shantong & Rypd3al, Kristin, 2008. "Environmental impacts of China's WTO-accession," Ecological Economics, Elsevier, vol. 64(4), pages 893-911, February.
  2. Raúl O'Ryan & Sebastian Miller & Carlos J. de Miguel, 2001. "Environmental Taxes, Inefficient Subsidies and Income Distribution in Chile: A CGE framework," Documentos de Trabajo 98, Centro de Economía Aplicada, Universidad de Chile.
  3. Muradian, Roldan & O'Connor, Martin & Martinez-Alier, Joan, 2002. "Embodied pollution in trade: estimating the 'environmental load displacement' of industrialised countries," Ecological Economics, Elsevier, vol. 41(1), pages 51-67, April.
  4. Toma, Luiza & Mathijs, Erik & Revoredo-Giha, Cesar, 2006. "Linkages between Agriculture, Trade and the Environment in the Context of the European Union Accession," Working Papers 45991, Scottish Agricultural College, Land Economy Research Group.
  5. Beghin, John & Dessus, Sebastien & Roland-Holst, David & van der Mensbrugghe, Dominique, 1997. "The trade and environment nexus in Mexican agriculture. A general equilibrium analysis," Agricultural Economics, Blackwell, vol. 17(2-3), pages 115-131, December.
  6. Michael Ferrantino & Linda Linkins, 1999. "The effect of global trade liberalization on toxic emissions in industry," Review of World Economics (Weltwirtschaftliches Archiv), Springer, vol. 135(1), pages 128-155, March.
  7. Clifford S. Russell & Philip T. Powell, 1996. "Choosing Environmental Policy Tools: Theoretical Cautions and Practical Considerations," IDB Publications 25258, Inter-American Development Bank.
  8. Partha Sen, 2008. "Fdeveloping Economies And The Environment - The Role Of Trade And Capital Flows," Working papers 172, Centre for Development Economics, Delhi School of Economics.
  9. Sébastien Dessus & David O'Connor, 2003. "Climate Policy without Tears CGE-Based Ancillary Benefits Estimates for Chile," Environmental & Resource Economics, European Association of Environmental and Resource Economists, vol. 25(3), pages 287-317, July.
  10. Jie He & David Roland-Holst, 2010. "Economic Growth, Energy demand and Atmospheric Pollution: Challenges and Opportunities for China in the future 30 years," Cahiers de recherche 10-11, Departement d'Economique de la Faculte d'administration à l'Universite de Sherbrooke.
  11. Ghertner, D. Asher & Fripp, Matthias, 2007. "Trading away damage: Quantifying environmental leakage through consumption-based, life-cycle analysis," Ecological Economics, Elsevier, vol. 63(2-3), pages 563-577, August.
  12. Dasgupta, Susmita & Meisner, Craig & Wheeler, David & Jin, Yanhong, 2002. "Agricultural Trade, Development and Toxic Risk," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 30(8), pages 1401-1412, August.
  13. O'Ryan, Raúl & de Miguel, Carlos J. & Miller, Sebastian & Munasinghe, Mohan, 2005. "Computable general equilibrium model analysis of economywide cross effects of social and environmental policies in Chile," Ecological Economics, Elsevier, vol. 54(4), pages 447-472, September.

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