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Pension Coverage and Informal Sector Workers: International Experiences

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  • Yu-Wei Hu
  • Fiona Stewart

Abstract

Pension reform around the world in recent decades has focused mainly on the formal sector. Consequently, many of those working in the informal sector have been left out of structured pension arrangements, particularly in developing countries – a serious problem given this group are often low income earners, vulnerable to economic volatility and change. However, since the turn of the millennium, efforts in a range of countries have increasingly highlighted improving pension coverage for informal sector workers. This paper provides an overview of selected country experience in this regard, and provides some suggestions for governments in developing countries considering implementing their own pension reform to ensure that informal sector workers receive the retirement income they need. La couverture des travailleurs du secteur informel par les systèmes de retraite : expériences au niveau international Les réformes des systèmes de retraite mises en oeuvre dans le monde au cours des dernières décennies étaient surtout centrées sur le secteur formel. Beaucoup de travailleurs du secteur informel sont donc restés à l'écart des régimes de retraite institutionnalisés, en particulier dans les pays en développement, ce qui constitue un problème grave étant donné que ce groupe est souvent composé de travailleurs à faibles revenus, vulnérables face à l'instabilité et au changement économiques. Cela étant, depuis le passage au nouveau millénaire, un certain nombre de pays se sont de plus en plus attachés à améliorer la couverture des travailleurs du secteur informel par les systèmes de retraite. Le présent document donne un aperçu de l'expérience de quelques pays à cet égard et formule, à l'intention des gouvernements de pays en développement qui envisagent la mise en place d'une réforme des retraites, des suggestions visant à ce que les travailleurs du secteur informel bénéficient d'un revenu suffisant au moment de la retraite.

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File URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/227432837078
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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by OECD Publishing in its series OECD Working Papers on Insurance and Private Pensions with number 31.

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Date of creation: Jan 2009
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Handle: RePEc:oec:dafaab:31-en

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Keywords: informal sector; compulsion; incentives; micro finance; non-contributory; pension coverage; social assistance; financial education; secteur informel; couverture des systèmes de retraite; micro-finance; non contributif; aide sociale; éducation financière; incitations;

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Cited by:
  1. Renuka Sane & Susan Thomas, 2013. "In Search of Inclusion: Informal Sector Participation in a Voluntary, Defined Contribution Pension System," Working Papers id:5553, eSocialSciences.
  2. Roberta Gatti & Diego F. Angel-Urdinola & Joana Silva & Andras Bodor, 2014. "Striving for Better Jobs : The Challenge of Informality in the Middle East and North Africa," World Bank Publications, The World Bank, number 19905.

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