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Multi-Product Exporters and Product Turnover Behaviour of New Zealand Exporters

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  • Muge Adalet

    ()
    (The Treasury)

Abstract

Using a unique dataset that covers all exporting firms in New Zealand from 1996 to 2007, this paper analyses the patterns of their product mix, how it changes over time and how this relates to firm characteristics. We suggest that looking at the relative importance of added and dropped products is as important as firm entry/exit in reallocation of resources. We find that in the cross section, multi-product firms are more productive than single product ones. Changes to product mix by New Zealand exporters occur frequently, suggesting that New Zealand exporters are dynamic and there is “creative destruction” at the product level. It is also shown that dropping products is more likely to happen than adding products, suggesting the difficulty of entering new markets and products. We also show that products with a smaller share of total exports and products that have been exported for a short period of time are more likely to be dropped by a firm. The results make a good case for product-firm characteristics being an important part of export decisions and suggest that more work should be done on this link.

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File URL: http://www.treasury.govt.nz/publications/research-policy/wp/2009/09-01/twp09-01.pdf
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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by New Zealand Treasury in its series Treasury Working Paper Series with number 09/01.

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Length: 33
Date of creation: Apr 2009
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:nzt:nztwps:09/01

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Web page: http://www.treasury.govt.nz
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Related research

Keywords: Product churning; product market entry and exit; volatility of earnings; multi product firms; creative destruction;

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References

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  1. Dunne, T. & Roberts, M.J. & Samuelson, L., 1988. "The Growth And Failure Of U.S. Manufacturing Plants," Papers, Pennsylvania State - Department of Economics 1-87-5, Pennsylvania State - Department of Economics.
  2. Bernard, Andrew B. & Jensen, J. Bradford & Schott, Peter K., 2006. "Trade costs, firms and productivity," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 53(5), pages 917-937, July.
  3. Andrew.B Bernard & J. Bradford Jensen & Stephen Redding & Peter K. Schott, 2007. "Firms in international trade," LSE Research Online Documents on Economics, London School of Economics and Political Science, LSE Library 3682, London School of Economics and Political Science, LSE Library.
  4. Stephen J Redding & Peter K Schott & Andrew B Bernard, 2007. "Multi-product Firms and Trade Liberalization," 2007 Meeting Papers, Society for Economic Dynamics 44, Society for Economic Dynamics.
  5. James Tybout, 1998. "Manufacturing Firms In Developing Countries: How Well Do They Do, And Why?," Development and Comp Systems, EconWPA 9805004, EconWPA.
  6. Gu, Wulong & Baldwin, John R., 2006. "The Impact of Trade on Plant Scale, Production-Run Length and Diversification," Economic Analysis (EA) Research Paper Series, Statistics Canada, Analytical Studies Branch 2006038e, Statistics Canada, Analytical Studies Branch.
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Cited by:
  1. Julian di Giovanni & Andrei A. Levchenko, 2012. "Country Size, International Trade, and Aggregate Fluctuations in Granular Economies," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, University of Chicago Press, vol. 120(6), pages 1083 - 1132.
  2. Andrei A. Levchenko & Julian di Giovanni, 2009. "International Trade and Aggregate Fluctuations in Granular Economies," 2009 Meeting Papers, Society for Economic Dynamics 491, Society for Economic Dynamics.

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