Secondary and Tertiary Education Attainment and Income Levels for Maori and Non-Maori Over Time
AbstractThis study examines how relative income levels, and in particular the income returns to post-compulsory and higher education (education beyond age 16) for Maori compare to Non- Maori, and how they have changed over the 1986-1996 decade. The analysis focussing on the Maori population extends earlier research for the overall New Zealand population (Maani, 1994, 1996a, 1996b, 1997, 1999). The study utilises individual level data and 20% samples of the 1986 and 1996 Censuses of the Population. Statistical sample characteristics, restricted and unrestricted 'earnings function' estimates across ethnicity, and stability tests over time indicate that the Maori population was at a disadvantage in both 1986 and 1996 in terms of educational attainment, employment and income levels. While the returns to post-compulsory education were significant compared to no qualifications, the participation of Maori in post-compulsory education after a decade is still significantly less than the Non-Maori group, as more than 60% of Maori males and females in 1996 still had no school qualifications. The returns to education are greater for Maori compared to Non-Maori, despite lower attainment levels. This is primarily since Maori with no qualifications are relatively more disadvantaged with respect to Non-Maori than are Maori with qualifications. Given the link between educational attainment and income levels, the study shows that in 1996 Maori with 'no school qualification' were at a greater relative disadvantage than they were in 1986, with the income gap having narrowed at the tertiary education level, in particular for women.
Download InfoIf you experience problems downloading a file, check if you have the proper application to view it first. In case of further problems read the IDEAS help page. Note that these files are not on the IDEAS site. Please be patient as the files may be large.
Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by New Zealand Treasury in its series Treasury Working Paper Series with number 00/18.
Length: 101 pages
Date of creation: 2000
Date of revision:
Contact details of provider:
Postal: New Zealand Treasury, PO Box 3724, Wellington, New Zealand
Phone: +64-4-472 2733
Fax: +64-4-473 0982
Web page: http://www.treasury.govt.nz
More information through EDIRC
This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:
- NEP-ALL-2001-09-26 (All new papers)
You can help add them by filling out this form.
CitEc Project, subscribe to its RSS feed for this item.
- David C. Maré, 2003.
"Ideas for Growth?,"
03_19, Motu Economic and Public Policy Research.
- Isabelle Sin & David C Maré, 2005.
"Mâori Incomes:Investigating Differences Between Iwi,"
Labor and Demography
- David C. Maré & Isabelle Sin, 2004. "Maori Incomes: Investigating Differences Between Iwi," Working Papers 04_06, Motu Economic and Public Policy Research.
For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Web and Publishing Team, The Treasury).
If references are entirely missing, you can add them using this form.