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Competition and Innovation: The Inverted-U Relationship Revisited

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  • Aamir Rafique Hashmi

    ()
    (Department of Economics, National University of Singapore)

Abstract

I re-examine the inverted-U relationship between competition and innovation (originally modeled and tested by Aghion et al. [2005]) by using data from publicly traded manufacturing firms in the US. I control for the possible endogeneity of competition by using various measures of foreign competition as instruments. I find a positive relationship between competition (as measured by the inverse of markups) and innovation (as measured by citation-weighted patents). The positive relationship is robust to many alternative assumptions and specifications. To rec- oncile the positive relationship in the US data with the inverted-U relationship that Aghion et al. [2005] find in the UK data, I modify their theoretical model and show that the modified model can explain both positive and inverted-U relationships. The key theoretical assumption is that the US manufacturing industries are technologically more neck-and-neck than their counterparts in the UK. There is some, though not strong, support for this assumption in the data.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by National University of Singapore, Department of Economics in its series Departmental Working Papers with number wp1101.

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Length: 49 pages
Date of creation: Feb 2011
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:nus:nusewp:wp1101

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  1. Johannes Van Biesebroeck & Aamir Hashmi, 2007. "Market Structure and Innovation: A Dynamic Analysis of the Global Automobile Industry," 2007 Meeting Papers 362, Society for Economic Dynamics.
  2. Wendy Carlin & Mark Schaffer & Paul Seabright, 2004. "A Minimum of Rivalry: Evidence from Transition Economies on the Importance of Competition for Innovation and Growth," William Davidson Institute Working Papers Series 2004-670, William Davidson Institute at the University of Michigan.
  3. Brett Gordon & Ronald Goettler, 2010. "Does AMD spur Intel to innovate more?," 2010 Meeting Papers 151, Society for Economic Dynamics.
  4. Nicholas Bloom & Mirko Draca & John Van Reenen, 2011. "Trade Induced Technical Change? The Impact of Chinese Imports on Innovation, IT and Productivity," CEP Discussion Papers dp1000, Centre for Economic Performance, LSE.
  5. Blundell, Richard & Griffith, Rachel & van Reenen, John, 1999. "Market Share, Market Value and Innovation in a Panel of British Manufacturing Firms," Review of Economic Studies, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 66(3), pages 529-54, July.
  6. Yuriy Gorodnichenko & Jan Svejnar & Katherine Terrell, 2008. "Globalization and innovation in emerging markets," NBER Working Papers 14481, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  7. Philippe Aghion & Nicholas Bloom & Richard Blundell & Rachel Griffith & Peter Howitt, 2002. "Competition and Innovation: An Inverted U Relationship," NBER Working Papers 9269, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  8. Hashmi, Aamir Rafique & Van Biesebroeck, Johannes, 2012. "The Relationship between Market Structure and Innovation in Industry Equilibrium: A Case Study of the Global Automobile Industry," CEPR Discussion Papers 8783, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  9. Mukoyama, Toshihiko, 2003. "Innovation, imitation, and growth with cumulative technology," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, vol. 50(2), pages 361-380, March.
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Cited by:
  1. Bos, Jaap W.B. & Kolari, James W. & van Lamoen, Ryan C.R., 2013. "Competition and innovation: Evidence from financial services," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 37(5), pages 1590-1601.
  2. Ferdinand Rauch, 2008. "An explanation for the inverted-U relationship between competition and innovation," Vienna Economics Papers 0813, University of Vienna, Department of Economics.
  3. Szűcs, Ferenc, 2010. "Adaptáció, verseny és innováció
    [Adaptation, competition and innovation]
    ," Közgazdasági Szemle (Economic Review - monthly of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences), Közgazdasági Szemle Alapítvány (Economic Review Foundation), vol. 0(1), pages 59-70.
  4. Bos Jaap & Lamoen Ryan van & Economidou Claire, 2010. "Too Big to Innovate? Scale (dis)economies and the Competition-Innovation Relationship in U.S. Banking," Research Memorandum 054, Maastricht University, Maastricht Research School of Economics of Technology and Organization (METEOR).
  5. Michele Boldrin & David K. Levine, 2013. "The Case against Patents," Journal of Economic Perspectives, American Economic Association, vol. 27(1), pages 3-22, Winter.
  6. Arthur Lewbel & Thomas Tao Yang, 2013. "Identifying the Average Treatment Effect in a Two Threshold Model," Boston College Working Papers in Economics 825, Boston College Department of Economics.
  7. Chiara Peroni & Ivete Ferreira, 2012. "Competition and Innovation in Luxembourg," Journal of Industry, Competition and Trade, Springer, vol. 12(1), pages 93-117, March.

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