Medical Liability Litigation: An Historical Look at the Causes for Its Growth in the United Kingdom
AbstractThe frequency and severity of medical liability litigation in the United Kingdom have increased since the middle of the twentieth century. Recent estimates of settling out-standing negligence claims hover around at least 10 percent of the National Health Service’s total annual budget. This paper argues that the frequency and severity of these claims have increased as patients have been increasingly dissatisfied with the established complaints procedures and regulation of physicians and as doctors have seen their influence in the doctor–patient relationship decrease. The current litigation situation compared to the past is three pronged: doctors are being sued more often; when sued, they are more likely to lose; and when losing, the claims awarded against them are increasing in size. As patients become increasingly aware that doctors are more likely to lose when sued and that the courts are more likely to award larger set-tlements, the frequency with which doctors are sued will almost certainly escalate. This paper concludes by discussing no-fault compensation as an alternative to litigation that would likely reduce physicians’ susceptibility to litigation.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by Economics Group, Nuffield College, University of Oxford in its series Oxford University Economic and Social History Series with number _077.
Length: 31 pages
Date of creation: 01 Apr 2009
Date of revision:
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Web page: http://www.nuff.ox.ac.uk/economics/
This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:
- NEP-ALL-2009-05-16 (All new papers)
- NEP-HIS-2009-05-16 (Business, Economic & Financial History)
- NEP-LAW-2009-05-16 (Law & Economics)
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- Paul A. David & S. Ryan Johansson & Andrea Pozzi, 2010.
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Oxford University Economic and Social History Series
_083, Economics Group, Nuffield College, University of Oxford.
- Paul David & S. Ryan Johansson and Andrea Pozzi, 2010. "The Demography of an Early Mortality Transition: Life Expectancy, Survival and Mortality Rates for Britain's Royals, 1500-1799," Economics Series Working Papers Number 83, University of Oxford, Department of Economics.
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