The Abortion-Crime Link: Evidence from England and Wales
AbstractWe use panel data from 1983 to 1997 for the 42 police force areas in England and Wales to test the hypothesis that legalizing abortion contributes to lower crime rates. We provide an advance on previous work by focusing on the impact of possible endogeneity of effective abortion rates with respect to crime. Our use of U.K. data allows us to exploit regional differences in the provision of free abortions to identify abortion rates. When we use a similar model and estimation methodology, we are able to replicate the negative association between abortion rates and reported crime found by Donohue and Levitt for the U.S. However, when we allow for the potential endogeneity of effective abortion rates with respect to crime, we find no clear connection between the two.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by Industrial Economics Division in its series Occasional Papers with number 16.
Date of creation: 10 2005
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abortion; crime; fertility;
Other versions of this item:
- Leo H. Kahane & David Paton & Rob Simmons, 2008. "The Abortion-Crime Link: Evidence from England and Wales," Economica, London School of Economics and Political Science, vol. 75(297), pages 1-21, 02.
- L H Kahane & D Paton & R Simmons, 2005. "The abortion-crime link: evidence from England and Wales," Working Papers 574044, Lancaster University Management School, Economics Department.
- K42 - Law and Economics - - Legal Procedure, the Legal System, and Illegal Behavior - - - Illegal Behavior and the Enforcement of Law
- I38 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Welfare and Poverty - - - Government Programs; Provision and Effects of Welfare Programs
- J13 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Fertility; Family Planning; Child Care; Children; Youth
This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:
- NEP-ALL-2005-11-05 (All new papers)
- NEP-LAW-2005-11-05 (Law & Economics)
- NEP-REG-2005-11-05 (Regulation)
- NEP-URE-2005-11-05 (Urban & Real Estate Economics)
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